Leandre Pourcelot

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The recent introduction of tissue harmonic imaging could resolve the problems related to ultrasound in technically difficult patients by providing a marked improvement in image quality. Tissue harmonics are generated during the transmit phase of the pulse-echo cycle, that is, while the transmitted pulse propagates through tissue. Tissue harmonic images are(More)
Continuous-wave Doppler sonography is a reliable method for detecting severe subclavian stenosis and occlusion as well as subclavian steal. Intermediate stages leading to subclavian steal can also be detected. These are characterized by a cardiac-phase-dependent alternating flow direction in the vertebral artery. Some cases of proximal subclavian or(More)
Thirty-nine consecutive patients with consolidated lung confirmed radiologically underwent sonography, and their sonograms were compared with results for 100 healthy subjects. The hyperechoic line of normal aerated lung and its air artifacts showed respiratory motions ("gliding sign," n = 100). Patients with pneumonia demonstrated distinct sonographic(More)
Ultrasonography is considered to have limited application in respiratory diseases because air reflects sound waves. Twenty-four patients with radiologically confirmed pneumothorax and 100 healthy subjects underwent sonography. In all normal subjects, the hyperechoic pulmonary interface showed respiratory motions termed the "gliding sign" with some(More)
The relationship between intracranial hypertension and basilar artery blood flow is not well known, and it is not yet definite that the reduction of cerebral flow depends on cerebral perfusion pressure rather than microvessel compression. The purpose of the study described here was to investigate the effect of acute intracranial pressure on the basilar flow(More)
Cardiovascular hemodynamics were assessed by ultrasound echography and Doppler during a 28-d head-down tilt "CNES HDT: 87-88," and during the 25-d French-Soviet spaceflight "Aragatz 88." For both studies we used the same ultrasound methodology. The main hemodynamic parameters of the left heart function and of the peripheral arterial system (cerebral, renal,(More)
In 242 neurologically symptomless patients with at least one non-occlusive carotid stenosis on ultrasonography (continuous wave doppler and echotomography-B mode imaging) 171 carotids showed 0-50% stenosis, 150 showed 50-75% stenosis, and 78 showed more than 75% stenosis. The mean follow-up was 29.4 months, with stroke and death as end points. Of the 56(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is one of the most frequent ocular vascular diseases and leads to severe vision impairment. Colour Doppler imaging (CDI) is the first method which allows distinct evaluation of arterial and venous velocities in RVO. CDI is valuable for diagnosis of RVO and shows the effects of isovolaemic haemodilution. Patients(More)
This case report describes the treatment of the bone metastases of a nonfunctioning sympathetic paraganglioma, with [131I]MIBG. After primary tumor excision and unsuccessful external radiotherapy, the patient received three therapeutic doses of [131I]MIBG, resulting in a reduction of the number and volume of metastases, and an improvement of the general(More)
The uptake of MIBG, a scintigraphic agent widely used in the detection of APUD tumors, was studied with a pharmacological approach on an in vitro and an in vivo models. MIBG as well as norepinephrine (NE) was taken up by human blood platelets, a model for presynaptic nerve endings amine uptake, with a thermodependant mechanism. MIBG and NE uptake was(More)