Leandre Pourcelot

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The purpose of our study is to trace in vivo and during the perinatal period, the brain maturation process with exhaustive measures of the T2 relaxation time values. We also compared regional myelination progress with variations of the relaxation time values and of brain signal. T2 relaxation times were measured in 7 healthy premature newborns at the(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of neonatal focal cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (HI) on sleep-waking pattern, electrocorticogram (ECoG) power spectra and locomotor activity (LA) in adult Wistar rats. Seven-day old pups were subjected to permanent unilateral ligation of the common carotid artery and transient hypoxia (8% O2). At 10 weeks of(More)
Using the noninvasive transcranial ultrasonic Doppler method, flow dynamics of the middle cerebral arteries were investigated in relation to auditory stimulations in 12 children with autistic behavior compared with 12 normal controls and 10 mentally retarded children. In normal children, auditory stimulation evoked lateralized modifications: blood flow(More)
For the diagnosis and follow-up of neurodegenerative diseases, many cocaine derivatives have been proposed as radioligands to explore the dopamine transporter. As none of them have all the criteria of specificity and kinetics for human use, we have developed a new derivative, (E)-N-(3-iodoprop-2-enyl)-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4'-methy lphenyl)nortropane(More)
In 242 neurologically symptomless patients with at least one non-occlusive carotid stenosis on ultrasonography (continuous wave doppler and echotomography-B mode imaging) 171 carotids showed 0-50% stenosis, 150 showed 50-75% stenosis, and 78 showed more than 75% stenosis. The mean follow-up was 29.4 months, with stroke and death as end points. Of the 56(More)
The K distribution is an efficient model to the nonRayleigh statistics of the envelope of backscattered signals in random media. This modeling leads to estimate a parameter of effective density by means of the calculation of statistical moments of the envelope signal. In this study, we propose a mathematical analysis of an effective density estimator(More)
The present study was undertaken to verify the effect of ventricular dilatation on cerebral blood flow by a non invasive Doppler technique in infants with hydrocephalus. The measurement of pulsatile flow in cerebral arteries is also a valuable parameter for determination of optimal timing of corrective intervention.
To enable the investigation of fetal movement in a manner similar to fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring we have developed an apparatus (the DopFet system) that consists of a pair of miniature sensors, a 2-MHz continuous-wave directional Doppler electronic module and a laptop personal computer. One of the sensors is aimed at the fetal limbs and the other at(More)
The first part of this review on event-related potentials (ERPs) in children summarizes the role of ERPs in the study of normal cognitive development. The ERPs vary both as a function of the age of the child and also as a function of the cognitive processes that are required by the tasks. Topographical studies allow one to identify cortical regions involved(More)