Leandra J Shipley

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The stages of change (Precontemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, and Maintenance) have been well studied in adult populations. However, fewer studies have examined how the stages of change are related to adolescent substance use. Furthermore, there have been no studies that have examined how the stages of change relate to outcomes in a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A "callback" requires patients to bring in take-home methadone doses for inspection. An opioid treatment program (OTP) quality-improvement project examined random versus "for-cause" callbacks. METHOD Eighty-two random callbacks and 60 for-cause callbacks were conducted among patients enrolled in an OTP (N = 183). RESULTS Among(More)
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