Leandra Celso Constantino

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes impairment of fine motor functions in humans and nonhuman mammals that often persists for months after the injury occurs. Neuroprotective strategies for prevention of the sequelae of TBI and understanding the molecular mechanisms and cellular pathways are related to the glutamatergic system. It has been suggested that(More)
Sepsis is a major disease entity with important clinical implications. It is associated with a high mortality rate in humans. Recently, several studies have demonstrated that Intensive Care Unit survivors present long-term cognitive impairment, including alterations in memory, attention, concentration and/or global loss of cognitive function. The(More)
Inosine is an endogenous nucleoside that has anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties. Inosine is a metabolite of adenosine, and some of its actions suggest the involvement of adenosine A1 receptors (A1Rs). The purpose of this study was to better understand mechanisms of inosine-induced antinociception by investigating the role of A1Rs and purine(More)
Atorvastatin is a statin largely used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and recently revealed as a neuroprotective agent. The antidepressant-like effect of acute atorvastatin treatment in mice has been previously demonstrated by our laboratory. The purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of the serotonergic system in the(More)
Dystrophin is a protein found at the plasmatic membrane in muscle and postsynaptic membrane of some neurons, where it plays an important role on synaptic transmission and plasticity. Its absence is associated with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD), in which cognitive impairment is found. Oxidative stress appears to be involved in the physiopathology of(More)
The inflammatory and immune responses evoked in sepsis may create not only an acute brain dysfunction, which occurs in the majority of septic patients, but also long-term deficits such as memory impairment. In this context, we evaluated depressive-like parameters in sepsis survivor rats. For this purpose, male Wistar rats, weighing 300-350 g, underwent(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces glutamatergic excitotoxicity through N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, affecting the integrity of the mitochondrial membrane. Studies have pointed to mitochondria as the master organelle in the preconditioning-triggered endogenous neuroprotective response. The present study is aimed at understanding energy(More)
Atorvastatin has been shown to exert a neuroprotective action by counteracting glutamatergic toxicity. Recently, we have shown atorvastatin also exerts an antidepressant-like effect that depends on both glutamatergic and serotonergic systems modulation. Excitotoxicity is involved in several brain disorders including depression; thus, it is suggested that(More)
Chronic ingestion of caffeine causes dependence and sleep disturbance in children and adolescents. In rodents, the administration of caffeine may produce behavioral cross-sensitization to some psychostimulants, such as dopaminergic psychoactive drugs. Methylphenidate (MPH; Ritalin) is a psychostimulant used in pediatric- and adult human populations to(More)
Intracerebroventricular (icv) amyloid-beta (Aβ)1–40 infusion to mice has been demonstrated to cause neurotoxicty and depressive-like behavior and it can be used to evaluate antidepressant and neuroprotective effect of drugs. Atorvastatin is a widely used statin that has demonstrated antidepressant-like effect in predictable animal behavioral models and(More)