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Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and
  • Leandra Ziad A Zargar Abdul Niveen M Benjamin Cecilia Robe Abarca-Gómez Abdeen Hamid Abu-Rmeileh Acosta-Cazar, Leandra Abarca-Gómez, +1,022 authors M. Ezzati
  • Medicine
    The Lancet
  • 16 December 2017
TLDR
Trends in mean BMI have recently flattened in northwestern Europe and the high-income English-speaking and Asia-Pacific regions for both sexes, southwestern Europe for boys, and central and Andean Latin America for girls, and by contrast, the rise in BMI has accelerated in east and south Asia forboth sexes, and southeast Asia for boys.
Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015: a pooled analysis of 1479 population-based measurement studies with 19·1 million participants
TLDR
The number of adults with raised blood pressure increased from 594 million in 1975 to 1·13 billion in 2015, with the increase largely in low-income and middle-income countries, and the contributions of changes in prevalence versus population growth and ageing to the increase.
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Central America: a cross-sectional population-based study.
TLDR
Overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Central America is high and Strengthening surveillance of chronic diseases and establishing effective programs for preventing cardiovascular diseases might reduce the risk of MetS.
Repositioning of the global epicentre of non-optimal cholesterol
  • Cristina Bin Honor Rodrigo M. Goodarz Rod T. Farshad Marisa Taddei Zhou Bixby Carrillo-Larco Danaei Jackson Fa, C. Taddei, +886 authors M. Ezzati
  • Geography, Medicine
    Nature
  • 1 June 2020
TLDR
The global repositioning of lipid-related risk, with non-optimal cholesterol shifting from a distinct feature of high-income countries in northwestern Europe, north America and Australasia to one that affects countries in east and southeast Asia and Oceania should motivate the use of population-based policies and personal interventions to improve nutrition and enhance access to treatment throughout the world.
Contributions of mean and shape of blood pressure distribution to worldwide trends and variations in raised blood pressure: a pooled analysis of 1018 population-based measurement studies with 88.6
  • Bin James Mariachiara Honor Goodarz Kaveh Cristina Rod Zhou Bentham Di Cesare Bixby Danaei Hajifathalian , Bin Zhou, +844 authors J. Cisneros
  • Medicine
    International journal of epidemiology
  • 19 March 2018
TLDR
Change in mean blood pressure is the main driver of the worldwide change in the prevalence of raised blood pressure, but change inThe high-blood-pressure tail of the distribution has also contributed to the change in prevalence, especially in older age groups.
Height and body-mass index trajectories of school-aged children and adolescents from 1985 to 2019 in 200 countries and territories: a pooled analysis of 2181 population-based studies with 65 million
TLDR
Girls in South Korea, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and some central Asian countries and boys in central and western Europe had the healthiest changes in anthropometric status over the past 3·5 decades because, compared with children and adolescents in other countries, they had a much larger gain in height than they did in BMI.
Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults
TLDR
There is an urgent need for an integrated approach to rural nutrition that enhances financial and physical access to healthy foods, to avoid replacing the rural undernutrition disadvantage in poor countries with a more general malnutrition disadvantage that entails excessive consumption of low-quality calories.
Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body mass index to change in obesity and underweight
  • Maria LC Bin James E Rodrigo M Marisa K Andrea Honor Bet Iurilli Zhou Bennett Carrillo-Larco Sophiea Rodrig, Maria Lc Iurilli, +1,379 authors S. Filippi
  • Medicine
    eLife
  • 9 March 2021
TLDR
There is a need for policies that address all forms of malnutrition by making healthy foods accessible and affordable, while restricting unhealthy foods through fiscal and regulatory restrictions.
Trends in cardiometabolic risk factors in the Americas between 1980 and 2014: a pooled analysis of population-based surveys
TLDR
Despite the generally high prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors across the Americas, estimates showed a high level of heterogeneity in the transition between countries, and support a diversification of health interventions across subregions and countries.
Worldwide trends in hypertension prevalence and progress in treatment and control from 1990 to 2019: a pooled analysis of 1201 population-representative studies with 104 million participants
TLDR
The dual approach of reducing hypertension prevalence through primary prevention and enhancing its treatment and control is achievable not only in high-income countries but also in low-income and middle-income settings.
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