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A recent outbreak of human food poisoning, characterized by severe gastrointestinal and neurologic abnormalities, with a fatal outcome in 3 patients, was attributed to the consumption of poisonous mussels containing domoic acid at an abnormally high concentration. The purpose of the present study was to determine if domoic acid, a glutamate analogue(More)
To study the CNS effects of domoic acid (D.A.), 6 adult Cynomolgus monkeys (M. fascicularis) were dosed intraperitoneally (4 mg/kg) or intravenously (0.025-0.5 mg/kg) with D.A. obtained from cultured mussels contaminated with this neurotoxin. Clinical signs of neurotoxicity were preceded by a short presymptomatic period (2-3 min) and an even shorter(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis was diagnosed in a dog that had been living with his owners in Spain for two years. Clinical diagnosis was somewhat delayed as the disease is largely unknown to Canada and was manifested by a nonresponsive anemia which was not easily explained on peripheral blood evaluation alone, and concomitant interstitial nephritis. On post mortem(More)
Although myocardial damage caused by soman has been previously reported, its relation to brain damage is unclear. In order to clarify this relationship, we examined the histomorphogenesis of central nervous system (CNS) and myocardial lesions in Sprague-Dawley rats, given atropine methylnitrate (20 mg/kg) and HI-6 (125 mg/kg) ip 10 min before a single(More)
In a series of experiments the embryotoxic potential of nonoxynol-9 (N-9) was investigated in adult female rats given a single per vaginam application of 5 mg/100 g (0.1 ml/100 g) of this spermicide on day 3 (pre-implantation period) or 7 (postimplantation period) of gestation. Control rats were given physiologic saline (0.1 ml/100 g) intravaginally. The(More)
Consumption of cultivated blue mussels from Prince Edward Island was recently associated with episodes of gastro-intestinal and neurological distress. Extracts of the toxic mussels, tested in the mouse bioassay for paralytic shellfish poison, caused an atypical response characterized by scratching, convulsions and death. The present investigation shows that(More)
Cidofovir is the first nucleoside monophosphate analogue currently being used for the treatment of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) retinitis in individuals with AIDS. Unfortunately, the period of therapy with the use of this compound may be limited due to the possible emergence of serious irreversible nephrotoxic effects. New drugs with improved toxicity(More)