Leal C. Herlitz

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Tenofovir, a widely prescribed antiretroviral medication for treatment of HIV-1 infection, is infrequently associated with renal dysfunction and biopsy findings of acute tubular necrosis. We examined the clinical and pathological findings in 13 cases of tenofovir nephrotoxicity (7 men and 6 women, mean age of 51.1±9.6 years). Patients received tenofovir(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The principle defect in dense deposit disease and C3 glomerulonephritis is hyperactivity of the alternative complement pathway. Eculizumab, a monoclonal antibody that binds to C5 to prevent formation of the membrane attack complex, may prove beneficial. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS In this open-label, proof of(More)
Eculizumab might benefit C3 glomerulopathies mediated by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway. Here, we report renal biopsy findings before and after eculizumab therapy in three patients with dense deposit disease and two with C3 GN. All pretreatment biopsies had glomerular and tubular basement membrane deposits that stained exclusively for(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Data regarding renal biopsy in the very elderly (>or=age 80 yr) are extremely limited. The aim of this study was to examine the causes of renal disease and their clinical presentations in very elderly patients who underwent native renal biopsy. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS All native renal biopsies (n = 235(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Renal biopsies performed in diabetic patients are increasing in number and complexity. This study sought to determine the usefulness of renal biopsy in patients with diabetes and the predictability of diagnosing diabetic nephropathy (DN) versus nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD) from clinical and laboratory data. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated pauci-immune glomerulonephritis (GN) is the most common finding in very elderly patients biopsied for acute kidney injury. Appropriate treatment strategies in this age group are currently undefined since it is unclear whether the benefits of immunosuppression exceed the risks. We retrospectively(More)
Precise immunofluorescence criteria for C3 glomerulopathy remain to be defined. Here we tested hierarchical immunofluorescence criteria with varying stringency for C3 glomerulopathy in a cohort with dense deposit disease as the gold standard and then applied these criteria to analyze the incidence of C3 glomerulopathy in membranoproliferative(More)
BACKGROUND While BK polyoma virus nephropathy (PVN) is a well-recognized cause of renal allograft dysfunction, PVN of native kidneys is likely under-recognized. METHODS We present the pathologic features, risk factors and outcomes of eight cases of PVN in native kidneys. RESULTS The cohort included eight males aged 16-73 years (mean 47.4) with an(More)
Light chain proximal tubulopathy (LCPT) is characterized by cytoplasmic inclusions of monoclonal LC within proximal tubular cells. The significance of crystalline versus noncrystalline LCPT and the effect of modern therapies are unknown. We reported the clinical-pathologic features of 40 crystalline and six noncrystalline LCPT patients diagnosed between(More)
Previously it was shown that the TNF superfamily member TWEAK (TNFSF12) acts through its receptor, Fn14, to promote proinflammatory responses in kidney cells, including the production of MCP-1, RANTES, IP-10 and KC. In addition, the TWEAK/Fn14 pathway promotes mesangial cell proliferation, vascular cell activation, and renal cell death. To study the(More)