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Journals and Conferences
BACKGROUND Phosphodiesterase type IV (PDE4), an important component of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) cascade, selectively metabolizes cAMP in the brain to the inactive monophosphate. Basic studies suggest that PDE4 mediates the effects of several antidepressants. This study sought to quantify the binding of 11C-(R)-rolipram, a PDE4 inhibitor, as… (More)
S100B is a reporter of blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity which appears in blood when the BBB is breached. Circulating S100B derives from either extracranial sources or release into circulation by normal fluctuations in BBB integrity or pathologic BBB disruption (BBBD). Elevated S100B matches the clinical presence of indices of BBBD (gadolinium enhancement… (More)
UNLABELLED As a PET biomarker for inflammation, translocator protein (18 kDa) (TSPO) can be measured with an (18)F-labeled aryloxyanilide, (18)F-N-fluoroacetyl-N-(2,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-2-phenoxyaniline ((18)F-PBR06), in the human brain. The objective of this study was to estimate the radiation absorbed doses of (18)F-PBR06 based on biodistribution data in… (More)
Translocator protein (TSPO) is a promising biomarker for neuroinflammation. We developed two new PET ligands, 18F-PBR06 and 11C-PBR28, to image TSPOs. Although our prior studies suggest that either of the two ligands could be used to quantify TSPOs in human brain, the studies were done in different sets of subjects. In this study, we directly compared… (More)
BACKGROUND Patients with epilepsy or multiple sclerosis (MS) have high risks of depression and increased risks of suicide, but little is known about their risks of suicidal ideation. OBJECTIVE We sought to (1) estimate the prevalence of thoughts of being better off dead or of self-harm among patients with epilepsy or MS, (2) identify risk factors for such… (More)
Eating disorders can lead to serious health problems, and as in many other disorders, primary care physicians are on the front line. Problems that can arise from intentional malnutrition and from purging affect multiple organ systems. Treatment challenges include maximizing weight gain while avoiding the refeeding syndrome.
Some patients have behaviors that make interactions unpleasant, sometimes contributing to suboptimal outcomes and physician burnout. Understanding common difficult personality types can help doctors plan effective strategies for dealing with each, resulting in more effective communication, less stress, and better health outcomes.
Objectives: The mechanism of action for antidepressant treatments may involve upregulation of the 3′-5′-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) cascade (1). This hypothesis is based on rodent studies, which consistently reported upregulation of the cAMP cascade induced by chronic antidepressant administration. A post mortem human study also showed a decrease… (More)