Leah M. Zorrilla

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Triclosan is an antimicrobial found in personal care and sanitizing products, such as soaps, toothpaste, and hair products. There have been recent concerns for the possible effects on human health, as triclosan has been detected in human breast milk, blood, and urine samples. In a previous study, we found that triclosan alters serum thyroid hormone and(More)
Triclosan (5-chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenol) is a potent antibacterial and antifungal compound that is widely used in personal care products, plastics, and fabrics. Recently triclosan has been shown to alter endocrine function in a variety of species. The purpose of this study was to determine effects of triclosan on pubertal development and thyroid(More)
Atrazine (ATR) is an herbicide that exerts negative reproductive effects. We examined the effects of vehicle or ATR (1, 5, 20 and 100mg/kg-d), administered to Sprague-Dawley rats on gestational days 14-21, once daily or divided into two doses per day, on female offspring reproductive indices. Offspring body weights at birth were reduced and mortality(More)
Atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s-triazine) was introduced in the 1950s as a broad spectrum herbicide, and remains one of the most widely used herbicides in the United States. Several studies have suggested that atrazine modifies steroidogenesis and may disrupt reproductive function and development in a variety of species. A primary concern(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) given as a cotreatment with estrogen exhibits antiestrogenic properties on the rodent adult uterus, but less is understood regarding hormonal responsiveness of the adult uterus from animals having been exposed to TCDD during critical periods of development. We characterized the inhibitory effects of TCDD (T)(More)
Dow AgroSciences, Indianapolis, IN, USA; ToxStrategies Inc., Cary, NC, USA; American Chemistry Council, Washington, DC, USA; National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA and University of Konstanz, Germany; Batelle, Columbus, OH, USA; The Dow Chemical Company, Saginaw, MI,(More)
The corpus luteum (CL) of the pig lacks luteolytic sensitivity (LS) to prostaglandin (PG) F-2α until after day 12 of the oestrous cycle, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are poorly understood. As luteolysis involves apoptosis, we hypothesized that critical apoptotic proteins may be deficient in CLs that lack LS. The specific aim of these(More)
EPA's Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program Tier 1 battery consists of eleven assays intended to identify the potential of a chemical to interact with the estrogen, androgen, thyroid, or steroidogenesis systems. We have collected control data from a subset of test order recipients from the first round of screening. The analysis undertaken herein(More)
Porcine corpora lutea (CL) fail to show a luteolytic response to prostaglandin-F-2alpha (PGF-2alpha) (ie, luteolytic sensitivity, or LS) until approximately day 13 of the estrous cycle. In view of the importance of protein kinase C (PRKC) in PGF-2alpha signal transduction, it was hypothesized that limiting levels of 1 or more PRKC isoforms may explain the(More)
Porcine corpora lutea (CL) fail to show a luteolytic response to prostaglandin-F-2alpha (PGF-2alpha) (ie, luteolytic sensitivity [LS]) until about day 12-13 of the estrous cycle. Although little is known of the control of LS in any species, endothelin-1 (EDN1) is believed to play a role in LS control in ruminants. Therefore, we measured mRNA and protein(More)