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CONTEXT All US states require proof of immunization for school entry. Exemptions are generally offered for medical, religious, or philosophical reasons, but the health consequences of claiming such exemptions are poorly documented. OBJECTIVES To quantify the risk of contracting measles among individuals claiming religious and/or philosophical exemptions(More)
To assess the impact of anti-vaccine movements that targeted pertussis whole-cell vaccines, we compared pertussis incidence in countries where high coverage with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccines (DTP) was maintained (Hungary, the former East Germany, Poland, and the USA) with countries where immunisation was disrupted by anti-vaccine movements (Sweden,(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Injuries are the leading cause of death in young people. Our aim is to examine the differences between aboriginal and non-aboriginal pediatric trauma mortality as a means to focus on prevention strategies. METHODS The records for all traumatic pediatric (0-18 years) deaths between 1996 and 2010 were reviewed from the regional Medical(More)
INTRODUCTION Obesity among youth is related to a decline in physical activity, and data on physical activity levels among children in elementary and middle schools are limited. METHODS We leveraged a community-school district-university partnership in Sarasota County, Florida, in May of 2005 to assess physical activity levels among tweens (youth aged 9-13(More)
Physicians and other clinicians who treat patients with chronic pain have doubtless recognized the interplay of various psychological and somatic variables in their patients' pain. Notwithstanding, there continues to be primary emphasis on the somatic factors, and continued neglect of the psychological. This article asserts that pain disorder and(More)
BACKGROUND Based on our previous study, pediatric intentional trauma injuries with Injury Severity Scores (ISS) ≥ 12 were more commonly observed in the urban than the rural setting (15.2% vs. 5.5%) in Alberta from 1996 to 2006. We wish to understand differences between urban and rural pediatric intentional trauma to plan for prevention and supportive(More)
Psychology has to deal with many interacting variables. The analyses usually used to uncover such relationships have many constraints that limit their utility. We briefly discuss these and describe recent work that uses genetic programming to evolve equations to combine variables in nonlinear ways in a number of different domains. We focus on four studies(More)
BACKGROUND Community-based prevention marketing (CBPM) is a program planning framework that blends community-organizing principles with a social marketing mind-set to design, implement, and evaluate public health interventions. A community coalition used CBPM to create a physical activity promotion program for tweens (youth 9-13 years of age) called VERB(More)
PURPOSE Restorative sleep is clearly linked with well-being in youth with chronic health conditions. This review addresses the methodological quality of non-pharmacological sleep intervention (NPSI) research for youth with chronic health conditions. METHOD The Guidelines for Critical Review (GCR) and the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality(More)
The Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI), set up in 1974, has been one of the largest and best documented public health programmes in history. The present report seeks to fill a gap on the EPI bookshelf by documenting an underreported phenomenon in developing countries, namely, the rise of antivaccination campaigns mounted against vaccination. The(More)