Leah Carlson

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The pineal hormone melatonin times seasonal alterations in reproductive function in photoperiodic mammals. In white-footed mice, there is variation in responsiveness to the reproductive effects of melatonin between populations originating in different locations; mice from Connecticut (CT) respond normally to melatonin, while mice from Georgia (GA) appear(More)
Melatonin signal transduction was examined in median eminence/pars tuberalis (ME/PT) explants from Djungarian hamsters. High affinity melatonin receptors in hamster ME/PT were first quantified by in vitro autoradiography using the potent melatonin agonist 125I-labeled melatonin ([125I]MEL). Scatchard analysis of [125I]MEL binding in ME/PT revealed high(More)
Acromegaly is associated with cardiovascular disease. We studied vascular function and mean arterial blood pressure in transgenic mice overexpressing bovine GH. Mean arterial blood pressure was measured in conscious, unrestrained male and female bovine GH and littermate control mice during normal as well as high salt intake using telemetric devices.(More)
In seasonally breeding mammals, seasonal alterations in day length are perceived via the pineal hormone melatonin. When exposed to short day lengths, hamsters and other long-day breeders undergo gonadal regression. With chronic exposure (greater than 20 weeks) to short days, however, the animals become photorefractory, or insensitive to the inhibitory(More)
Melatonin receptors were identified and characterized in crude membrane preparations from lizard brain by using 125I-labeled melatonin (125I-Mel), a potent melatonin agonist. 125I-Mel binding sites were saturable; Scatchard analysis revealed high-affinity and lower affinity binding sites, with apparent Kd of 2.3 +/- 1.0 x 10(-11) M and 2.06 +/- 0.43 x(More)
Maternal melatonin communicates daylength information to the fetus in Siberian hamsters. Fetal sensitivity to melatonin declines near birth. In this report, we describe melatonin receptor distribution and a second messenger response to melatonin in Siberian hamsters during the perinatal period. The sites of high-affinity 2-[125I]iodomelatonin ([125I]MEL)(More)
PURPOSE Evidence supporting the delivery of bronchodilators with a metered-dose inhaler and a valved holding chamber (MDI+VHC) in place of a small-volume nebulizer (SVN) is discussed, and the steps taken to accomplish such a conversion program at one institution are described. SUMMARY Double-blind, randomized studies in patients with acute exacerbations(More)
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