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The conversion of myeloperoxidase to compounds I and II in the presence of H2O2 has been reinvestigated in order to explain the abnormal stoichiometry of compound I formation and the fast spontaneous decay of compound I to compound II. Rapid-scan studies show that at least a 20-fold excess of H2O2 is required to obtain a good spectrum of relatively pure(More)
To better define the role HIV-related chemokine receptor-chemokine axes play in human hematopoiesis, we investigated the function of the CXCR4 and CCR5 receptors in human myeloid, T- and B-lymphoid cell lines selected for the expression of these receptors (CXCR4(+), CXCR4(+) CCR5(+), and CCR5(+) cell lines). We evaluated the phosphorylation of MAPK p42/44,(More)
The effect of oxalate, malonate, lactate, and succinate chelators on the reduction of Phanerochaete chrysosporium manganese peroxidase compound II by MnII was investigated using stopped-flow techniques. All rate data were collected from single-turnover experiments under pseudo-first-order conditions. With oxalate, the reduction of compound II by MnII(More)
We compared the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) in bone marrow acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) blasts and leukaemic cell lines (HEL, HL-60, K-562 and KG-1) with their expression in normal bone marrow cells. All AML samples and leukaemic cell lines tested expressed(More)
Complement has recently been implicated in developmental pathways and noninflammatory processes. The expression of various complement components and receptors has been shown in a wide range of circulating myeloid and lymphoid cells, but their role in normal hematopoiesis and stem cell homing has not yet been investigated. We report that normal human CD34(+)(More)
We hypothesized that the CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4)-stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) axis may be involved in metastasis of CXCR4(+) tumor cells into the bone marrow and lymph nodes, which secrete the alpha-chemokine SDF-1. To explore this hypothesis, we phenotyped by fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis various human tumor cell lines for(More)
We showed previously that human malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) components through the action of metalloproteinases and that elevated expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) correlated with a poor clinical outcome in patients with NHL. In the present(More)
The role of the chemokine binding stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) in normal human megakaryopoiesis at the cellular and molecular levels and its comparison with that of thrombopoietin (TPO) have not been determined. In this study it was found that SDF-1, unlike TPO, does not stimulate alpha(IIb)beta(3)(+) cell proliferation or differentiation or have an(More)
A relatively pure and stable compound III of bovine spleen myeloperoxidase was prepared from native enzyme using the aerobic oxidation of dihydroxyfumarate to generate O2-(.). Spectral scans show well defined peaks at 450 and 625 nm and an isosbestic point between compound III and native enzyme at 440 nm. Compound III decayed to native enzyme without any(More)
The mechanism(s) underlying the release of stem/progenitor cells from bone marrow into the circulation is poorly understood. We hypothesized that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially gelatinases, which are believed to participate in the proteolysis of basement membranes and in the migration of leukocytes, may facilitate this process. First, we(More)