Lea-Yea Chuang

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We studied the nervous systems and tumors of two patients with anti-Yo-associated paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD). In both patients the underlying tumor was an ovarian adenocarcinoma that expressed Yo antigens and contained extensive infiltrates of lymphocytes and plasma cells. The major central nervous system findings were a complete loss of(More)
The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) is a key mediator of renal tubular hypertrophy in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide (NO) were involved in the progression of DN. In this study, the molecular mechanisms of NO and antioxidants responsible for inhibition of AGE-induced renal tubular hypertrophy were(More)
Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress is a key mediator of renal tubular hypertrophy in diabetic nephropathy (DN). The molecular mechanisms of antioxidants responsible for inhibition of renal tubular hypertrophy in DN are incompletely characterized. We now aim at verifying the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and taurine on cellular hypertrophy in renal(More)
TGF-beta is a therapeutic target for renal fibrosis. Scientists have long sought ways to antagonize TGF-beta to ameliorate diabetic nephropathy. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2) is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily and is highly regulated in the kidney. Thus, the role of BMP-2 was investigated in NRK-49F cells (rat fibroblasts). We showed that(More)
Although exogenous klotho attenuates renal fibrosis, it is not known if exogenous klotho attenuates diabetic nephropathy (DN). Thus, we studied the anti-fibrotic mechanisms of klotho in terms of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and signaling pathways in high glucose (HG, 30 mM)-cultured renal interstitial fibroblast (NRK-49F) cells. We found that HG(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is pivotal in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) converts angiotensin II (Ang II) to angiotensin 1-7 (Ang-(1-7)), which binds to Mas. Proximal tubular ACE2 is decreased in DN. ACE2 deficiency exacerbates whereas ACE2 overexpression attenuates DN. Thus, we investigated the mechanism of high(More)
Renal interstitial fibrosis is characterized by increased extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in kidneys is driven by regulated expression of fibrogenic cytokines such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β). Yam, or Dioscorea alata (DA) is an important herb in Chinese medicine widely used for the treatment of(More)
This case–control study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic application of urinary transforming growth factor (TGF) α and serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TGFα and AFP were determined in 90 pairs of age- and gender-matched patients with cirrhotic HCC and patients with cirrhosis alone and 60 healthy controls. The results indicated(More)
We studied the adaptation of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor function to chronic ethanol exposure in cells stably transfected with the following GABAA receptor subunits: alpha-1 beta-2 gamma-2L, alpha-1 beta-2 gamma-2S, alpha-1 beta-3 gamma-2S, alpha-1 beta-1, alpha-5 beta-3 gamma-3 and alpha-6 beta-3 gamma-2S. Chronic exposure to ethanol(More)
Antibody drugs are very useful tools for the treatment of many chronic diseases. Recently, however, patients and doctors have encountered the problem of drug resistance. How to improve the affinity of antibody drugs has therefore become a pressing issue. Ibalizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds human CD4, the primary receptor for human(More)