Lea-Yea Chuang

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TGF-beta is a therapeutic target for renal fibrosis. Scientists have long sought ways to antagonize TGF-beta to ameliorate diabetic nephropathy. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2) is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily and is highly regulated in the kidney. Thus, the role of BMP-2 was investigated in NRK-49F cells (rat fibroblasts). We showed that(More)
Although exogenous klotho attenuates renal fibrosis, it is not known if exogenous klotho attenuates diabetic nephropathy (DN). Thus, we studied the anti-fibrotic mechanisms of klotho in terms of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and signaling pathways in high glucose (HG, 30 mM)-cultured renal interstitial fibroblast (NRK-49F) cells. We found that HG(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is pivotal in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) converts angiotensin II (Ang II) to angiotensin 1-7 (Ang-(1-7)), which binds to Mas. Proximal tubular ACE2 is decreased in DN. ACE2 deficiency exacerbates whereas ACE2 overexpression attenuates DN. Thus, we investigated the mechanism of high(More)
Renal interstitial fibrosis is characterized by increased extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in kidneys is driven by regulated expression of fibrogenic cytokines such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β). Yam, or Dioscorea alata (DA) is an important herb in Chinese medicine widely used for the treatment of(More)
This case–control study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic application of urinary transforming growth factor (TGF) α and serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TGFα and AFP were determined in 90 pairs of age- and gender-matched patients with cirrhotic HCC and patients with cirrhosis alone and 60 healthy controls. The results indicated(More)
We analyzed a panel of cationic molecules secreted in the culture medium of human respiratory epithelial cells (REC) upon activation by IL-1β and different pathogen-associated molecular patterns. A 9 kDa fragment derived from β2-microglobulin (B2M) was identified and named shed 9 kDa B2M (sB2M-9). The primary structure of sB2M-9 was revealed to increase its(More)
Antibody drugs are very useful tools for the treatment of many chronic diseases. Recently, however, patients and doctors have encountered the problem of drug resistance. How to improve the affinity of antibody drugs has therefore become a pressing issue. Ibalizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds human CD4, the primary receptor for human(More)
Six-transmembrane epithelial antigen of prostate 4 (Steap4)-knockout mice develop hyperglycaemia and inflammation whereas Steap4 overexpression attenuates atherosclerosis in diabetic mice. Thus, we studied the roles of Steap4 in high glucose (HG, 27.5 mM) or S100B (1 μM, a ligand for the receptor for advanced glycation end-product or RAGE)-induced effects(More)
Serum vitamin D is bound to vitamin D-binding protein (DBP). We studied the roles of DBP in streptozotocin-diabetic rats and high glucose (HG)-cultured cells. In diabetic rat sera, there was one upregulated (with a lower isoelectric point [pI], phosphorylated at S268, S270, S464 and T269) and one downregulated (with a higher pI, phosphorylated at S454 and(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) is a key mediator of renal tubular hypertrophy in DN. Elimination of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) and nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability may contribute to the aggravation of DN. The present study aims to explore(More)
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