Lea-Yea Chuang

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The role of betel quid chewing in the aetiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was evaluated in a case-control study including 263 pairs of age- and sex-matched HCC patients and healthy controls. Serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and antibodies to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) were determined, and standardized personal interview conducted using a(More)
BACKGROUND Betel-quid use has been associated with obesity and hyperglycemia in previous studies. OBJECTIVE The aim was to test whether betel-quid use contributes to the metabolic syndrome, as defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. DESIGN Associations between betel-quid use and the metabolic syndrome, obesity,(More)
Increased expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) causes enhanced production of prostaglandins, which are emerging as important mediators of growth stimulation of cancer cells. Overexpression of COX-2 has been found in human non-small cell lung cancer tissues and cell lines. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that nonselective cyclooxygenase inhibitors(More)
It has been reported that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) suppress bone repair and bone remodeling but only mildly inhibit bone mineralization at the earlier stage of the repair process. We proposed that the proliferation and/or the earlier stage of differentiation of osteoblasts may be affected by NSAIDs. This study was designed to(More)
Advanced glycation end-product (AGE) is important in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN), and captopril (an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor) is effective in treating this disorder. We have shown that the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) cascade is responsible for AGE-induced mitogenesis in(More)
Induction of apoptosis in Hep3B hepatoma cells by transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) was accompanied by the activation of interleukin-1-beta-converting-enzyme-like proteases, which have recently been renamed as caspases. The caspase inhibitor ZVAD-FMK, which has a broader specificity for caspase family proteases, blocked TGF-beta 1-induced(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is pivotal in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) converts angiotensin II (Ang II) to angiotensin 1-7 (Ang-(1-7)), which binds to Mas. Proximal tubular ACE2 is decreased in DN. ACE2 deficiency exacerbates whereas ACE2 overexpression attenuates DN. Thus, we investigated the mechanism of high(More)
BACKGROUND Taiwan has the greatest incidence rate of end-stage renal disease in the world. Several cases of Chinese herb nephropathy were reported in Taiwan. Therefore, we studied the association between herbal therapy and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 1,740 adults in the Nutrition(More)
BACKGROUND Betel quid (Areca catechu) is used by approximately 10% of the world population. Betel-quid use is associated with the metabolic syndrome--a risk factor for heart disease. OBJECTIVE The objective was to test whether betel-quid use is associated with heart disease in adults. DESIGN Nonpregnant adults aged 20-64 y (n=1932, 52% women) from the(More)
We conducted a case-control study to elucidate the role of heat shock protein A1B (HSPA1B) 1267 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on the risk and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Subjects enrolled included 150 pairs of sex- and age-matched HCC patients and unrelated controls. Genomic DNA was typed for HSPA1B1267 SNP using polymerase chain(More)