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It has been reported that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) suppress bone repair and bone remodeling but only mildly inhibit bone mineralization at the earlier stage of the repair process. We proposed that the proliferation and/or the earlier stage of differentiation of osteoblasts may be affected by NSAIDs. This study was designed to(More)
Induction of apoptosis in Hep3B hepatoma cells by transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) was accompanied by the activation of interleukin-1-beta-converting-enzyme-like proteases, which have recently been renamed as caspases. The caspase inhibitor ZVAD-FMK, which has a broader specificity for caspase family proteases, blocked TGF-beta 1-induced(More)
We conducted a case-control study to elucidate the role of heat shock protein A1B (HSPA1B) 1267 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on the risk and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Subjects enrolled included 150 pairs of sex- and age-matched HCC patients and unrelated controls. Genomic DNA was typed for HSPA1B1267 SNP using polymerase chain(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) may be important in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, and captopril is effective in treating this disorder. However, the mechanisms of this therapeutic effect as related to TGF-beta and its receptors are not known. Thus, the effects of captopril on cellular growth, TGF-beta 1, and TGF-beta receptors were(More)
Advanced glycation end-product (AGE) is important in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN), and captopril (an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor) is effective in treating this disorder. We have shown that the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) cascade is responsible for AGE-induced mitogenesis in(More)
The role of betel quid chewing in the aetiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was evaluated in a case-control study including 263 pairs of age- and sex-matched HCC patients and healthy controls. Serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and antibodies to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) were determined, and standardized personal interview conducted using a(More)
Increased expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) causes enhanced production of prostaglandins, which are emerging as important mediators of growth stimulation of cancer cells. Overexpression of COX-2 has been found in human non-small cell lung cancer tissues and cell lines. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that nonselective cyclooxygenase inhibitors(More)
Advanced glycation end product (AGE) is important in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, which is characterized by cellular hypertrophy/hyperplasia leading to renal fibrosis. However, the signal transduction pathways of AGE remain poorly understood. The Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway has been(More)
BACKGROUND Betel-quid use has been associated with obesity and hyperglycemia in previous studies. OBJECTIVE The aim was to test whether betel-quid use contributes to the metabolic syndrome, as defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. DESIGN Associations between betel-quid use and the metabolic syndrome, obesity,(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are important in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, which leads to renal fibrosis. Previously, we found that the janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway is necessary for AGE-induced cellular proliferation in normal rat kidney interstitial fibroblast(More)