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Intranasal infection of mice with certain strains of capsular group 19 Streptococcus pneumoniae can result in focal pneumonia in the absence of bacteremia. Using this model of murine pneumonia, we demonstrated that immunization with recombinant forms of either pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) or PdB (a genetically detoxified derivative of pneumolysin)(More)
The lamina propria of the gastrointestinal mucosa contains the largest population of mononuclear phagocytes in the body, yet little is known about the cellular mechanisms that regulate mononuclear cell recruitment to noninflamed and inflamed intestinal mucosa. Here, we show that intestinal macrophages do not proliferate. We also show that a substantial(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation plays an important role in the response to endoluminal vascular injury. Estrogen (17beta-estradiol, E2) inhibits neointima formation in animal models, and the progestin medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) blocks this effect. This study tested the hypothesis that E2 inhibits the migration of inflammatory cells, particularly(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta play important counterregulatory roles in pulmonary vascular adaptation to chronic hypoxia. To define the molecular mechanism of this important interaction, we tested whether ANP-cGMP-protein kinase G (PKG) signaling inhibits TGF-beta1-induced extracellular matrix (ECM) expression(More)
Supplementary Figure 1. Monocyte-derived macrophages display reduced pro-inflammatory function, but not inflammation anergy, over time. (A) Monocyte-derived macrophages exposed to rough LPS (S. arbortus), smooth LPS (E. coli) and flagellin (S. Typhimurium) released significantly lower levels of TNF-α over time, reaching minimal levels on day 5. Values(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating immune complexes (CIC) containing galactose (Gal)-deficient IgA1 from adults with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) induce proliferation of cultured mesangial cells, but activities of CIC from pediatric patients with the disease have not been studied. METHODS CIC of different sizes were isolated from sera of pediatric and adult IgAN patients(More)
Tissue macrophages are derived exclusively from blood monocytes, which as monocyte-derived macrophages support HIV-1 replication. However, among human tissue macrophages only intestinal macrophages are non-permissive to HIV-1, suggesting that the unique microenvironment in human intestinal mucosa renders lamina propria macrophages non-permissive to HIV-1.(More)
Circulating monocytes carrying human CMV (HCMV) migrate into tissues, where they differentiate into HCMV-infected resident macrophages that upon interaction with bacterial products may potentiate tissue inflammation. In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which HCMV promotes macrophage-orchestrated inflammation using a clinical isolate of HCMV (TR)(More)
The lamina propria of the gastrointes-tinal mucosa contains the largest population of mononuclear phagocytes in the body, yet little is known about the cellular mechanisms that regulate mononuclear cell recruitment to noninflamed and inflamed intestinal mucosa. Here, we show that intestinal macrophages do not proliferate. We also show that a substantial(More)
We report a case of extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) in uterine leiomyoma and associated numerous intravascular thrombi. A 29-year-old nulliparous female presented with heavy vaginal bleeding and a hematocrit of 22%. No bone marrow biopsy has been performed. She had a history of uterine leiomyomata and menorrhagia for a year. A transvaginal ultrasound(More)