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OBJECTIVE To study the hip muscle strength and cross sectional area (CSA) in men with hip osteoarthritis (OA) compared to age and sex matched healthy controls. METHODS Based on the American College of Rheumatology criteria regarding classification of hip OA, 27 men (aged 47-64 yrs) with unilateral or bilateral hip OA and 30 age matched randomly selected(More)
OBJECTIVES Even though clinical findings support the idea that hip osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with increased bone mineral density (BMD), the subject remains controversial. This study was therefore initiated to investigate the relation between the severity of hip OA and femoral and calcaneal BMD. METHODS On the basis of the American College of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of strength training on maximal force, cross-sectional area (CSA), and electromyographic (EMG) activity of muscles and serum hormone concentrations in elderly females with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS Twenty-six patients with FM were randomly assigned to a training (FMT; n = 13; mean age 60 years) or a control (FMC; n = 13;(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is common in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Although insulin resistance contributes to cardiac hypertrophy, the relationship between insulin resistance and LVH in patients with ADPKD has not been previously studied. METHODS We performed M-mode and color Doppler(More)
The preoperative diagnostic accuracy of electroneuromyography and myelography was evaluated in 77 patients with cervical radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. In 57% of the patients, the affected root level could be determined with ENMG (accuracy 1-2 segments), 10% had a non-specific finding, and in 33% of the patients, ENMG was normal. If the symptoms had(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance artrography (MRA) for the detection and measurement of rotator cuff tears, using surgical findings as a standard. A total of 77 consecutive patients with suspected rotator cuff tears were prospectively studied with US and MRA. Rotator cuff tears were identified(More)
The aim of the study was to improve the practical implementation of the dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) by converting the areal bone mineral density BMD (BMD(areal)) to volumetric BMD using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (MRI) because a failure to control for the femoral neck size can lead to erroneous interpretation of BMD values. We also evaluated the(More)
Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) have an increased occurrence of cardiac valve abnormalities. However, the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities in patients with a uniform genotype of ADPKD has not been previously reported. We performed M-mode and color Doppler echocardiography on 109 patients from 16 families with polycystic(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the agreement between clinical diagnosis and different radiological grading scales of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in an epidemiological study. METHODS Health 2000 Survey is an extensive population study focusing on major health problems in a representative sample of 8028 Finns over 30 years of age. In the survey, physicians diagnosed(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the predictive value of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with respect to rotator cuff ruptures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-one patients with rheumatic disease underwent preoperative MRI before shoulder arthroplasty. The scans were reviewed independently by two experienced radiologists. Three surgeons performed all the(More)