Lea Leinonen

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Cortical sources of neuromagnetic responses to noise bursts were compared in 7 healthy humans. The earliest response, P40m, peaking about 40 ms after the stimulus onset, was followed by a prominent deflection in the opposite direction at about 100 ms (N100m) and by another peak at 200 ms (P200m). A sustained field, seen near the end of the 400- to 550-ms(More)
The temporo-parietal association cortex around the caudal end of the Sylvian fissure was studied with the single cell recording technique in three awake behaving Macaca speciosa-monkeys. Of the 197 cells isolated, 5% were active only during the monkey's own movements, mostly during head rotation, and 95% were responsive to sensory stimulation: 54% to(More)
We recorded evoked magnetic fields from the human auditory cortex to noise/square wave sequences. Two prominent deflections were observed: one 100 msec after the noise onset (N100m) and another 100 msec after the noise/square wave transition (N100m'). The amplitude of N100m' increased with decrease in square wave frequency from 2 kHz to 0.125 kHz and with(More)
We have compared spatial patterns of somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEFs) to stimulation of the ulnar and median nerves at the wrist. An oddball paradigm was used additionally to examine whether an infrequent change in the stimulation site would alter the field pattern. The response consisted of 3 parts: an early small deflection at 22-28 msec, a(More)
The expression of "naming," "commanding," "angry," "frightened," "pleading," "astonished," "satisfied," "admiring," "scornful," and "sad" was with the word [saara] spoken by 12 subjects. Using the same connotations, the 120 utterances were categorized by 73 listeners. Most samples were agreed on by 50%-99% of the judges. Most samples of "astonished,"(More)
The most anterior part of area 7 of awake, behaving macaque monkeys was investigated using single cell recording technique. Eighty-five cells from three hemispheres of two monkeys were isolated and studied. These cells showed more complex functional properties than the cells in the primary and secondary cortical fields. Of the cells 61% responded to(More)
Thymic carcinoid tumours constitute less than 1% of all carcinoids, and differ markedly from true thymomas in natural history, morphology, prognosis and therapeutic options. New clinical and diagnostic modalities are described in two brothers with thymic carcinoid associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome. Octreotide scintigraphy proved useful(More)
The lateral part of area 7, area 7b, of alert, behaving macaque monkeys was investigated using transdural microelectrode recording technique. Two hundred twenty-eight cells from five hemispheres of four monkeys were isolated and studied. The functional properties of 2% of the cells isolated remained unidentified. Functions of the identified cells were(More)
An automatic analysis of movements detected by the static charge sensitive bed (SCSB) was developed for the study of sleep and breathing disturbances (apnoeas) during sleep. Three signals on separate channels are analysed: one relating to body movements, one to respiratory movements and one to movements of the heart (ballistocardiogram). The analysis can be(More)
The posterolateral part of the parietal association cortex (area 7 of Brodmann) was investigated in three awake, behaving macaque monkeys using transdural microelectrode recording technique. Only one of the 114 cells isolated remained unidentified. Of the cells 79% responded to somesthetic (39%) or visual (23%) or both somesthetic and visual (17%)(More)