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Aureobasidium pullulans, a cosmopolitan yeast-like fungus, colonises leaf surfaces and is a potential biocontrol agent for plant pathogens. Forty-one isolates of the fungus from the surface of several fruits and vegetables cultivated in Southern Italy were compared by molecular analysis and biocontrol activity. Characterisation of the isolates by using(More)
The marketing of organic citrus fruit has markedly increased during the last few years. However, these fruits are not treated with chemical fungicides and suffer from relatively high rates of decay. In this study, we examined the possible use of a new hot water brushing (HWB) treatment, to disinfect the fruits and reduce decay development during postharvest(More)
β-Aminobutyric acid (BABA), an inducer of pathogen resistance in plants, induced disease resistance in reproductive parts of the plant, such as grapefruit peel tissue. Application of BABA to specific wound sites on the fruit peel surface induced resistance to Penicillium digitatum, the main postharvest pathogen of citrus fruit, in a concentration-dependent(More)
The yeast Candida oleophila, the base of the commercial product Aspire, is recommended for the control of postharvest decay of citrus and pome fruit. Competition for nutrients and space is believed to be the major mode of action. Involvement of fungal cell wall-degrading enzymes is also suggested to play a role in the mechanism of action of yeast(More)
THE human respiratory tract is subject to a wide range of suspended irritants arising from atmospheric pollution, industrial dusts and fumes, or personal habits. Since these factors differ markedly in various communities, it is not surprising that the relative frequencies of cancer in the various respiratory organs of the African is very different from that(More)
One hundred and twenty-nine strains of epiphytic micro-organisms, isolated from table and wine grapes in Israel, were screened for antagonistic activity against Botrytis cinerea on table grapes. Two isolates (Candida guilliermondii, strain A42 and Acremonium cephalosporium, strain B11) were further evaluated for the control of decay in grapes caused by(More)
Two cases of cantharidin poisoning are described in which the patients developed the well-known complications of acute renal failure and pseudopolycythaemia. In addition both developed a Guillain-Barré type of flaccid paralysis but spontaneous reversal occurred. Cantharidin poisoning may be responsible for some of the unexplained neurological presentations(More)
SKIN cancer is relatively infrequent in the African. In the three-year period 1949 to 1951, during which time 590 cases of malignant disease in Africans were referred to the Radiation Therapy Department, only 50 cases of skin cancer were encountered. By comparison, among 1642 cases of cancer in Europeans seen during a similar period, 540 primarily affected(More)