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Single-channel and [ 3 H]ryanodine binding experiments were carried out to examine the effects of imperatoxin activator (IpTx a ), a 33 amino acid peptide isolated from the venom of the African scorpion Pandinus imperator , on rabbit skeletal and canine cardiac muscle Ca 2 1 release channels (CRCs). Single channel currents from purified CRCs incorporated(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate Helicobacter pylori antibiotics resistance evolution from 2000 to 2009 to amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, tetracycline, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin in Beijing, China. METHODS A total of 374 H. pylori strains isolated from 374 subjects who had undergone upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from 2000 to 2009 were collected(More)
Sequence comparison suggests that the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) have pore architecture similar to that of the bacterial K+ channel KcsA. The lumenal loop linking the two most C-terminal transmembrane spanning segments in the RyRs has a predicted pore helix and an amino acid motif (GGGIG) similar to the selectivity filter (TVGYG) of KcsA identified by x-ray(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the study is to introduce our experience of a modified single-port minilaparoscopic technique for the treatment of pediatric hydrocele. METHODS Between June 2008 and May 2012, 279 boys (115 communicating hydrocele and 164 "non-communicating" hydrocele, diagnosis based on preoperative physical examination and scrotal ultrasound)(More)
We recently reported that the blood concentrations of Tacrolimus (FK506) in rats were markedly increased following the intake of a Chinese herbal preparation, Wuzhi Tablet (WZ, Schisandra sphenanthera extract). In order to identify the underlying mechanisms of the increase in FK506 level, we investigated the effects of WZ on the absorption and first-pass(More)
Ion channels have been studied extensively in ambient O2 tension (pO2), whereas tissue PO2 is much lower. The skeletal muscle calcium release channel/ryanodine receptor (RyR1) is one prominent example. Here we report that PO2 dynamically controls the redox state of 6-8 out of 50 thiols in each RyR1 subunit and thereby tunes the response to NO. At(More)
Phosphorylation of the skeletal muscle (RyR1) and cardiac muscle (RyR2) ryanodine receptors has been reported to modulate channel activity. Abnormally high phosphorylation levels (hyperphosphorylation) at Ser-2843 in RyR1 and Ser-2809 in RyR2 and dissociation of FK506-binding proteins from the receptors have been implicated as one of the causes of altered(More)
Ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) releases Ca(2+) from intracellular stores upon nerve impulse to trigger skeletal muscle contraction. Effector binding at the cytoplasmic domain tightly controls gating of the pore domain of RyR1 to release Ca(2+). However, the molecular mechanism that links effector binding to channel gating is unknown due to lack of(More)
We have characterized at the molecular level, three families with core myopathies carrying apparent recessive mutations in their RYR1 gene and studied the pharmacological properties of myotubes carrying endogenous mutations as well as the properties of mutant channels expressed in HEK293 cells. The proband of family 1 carried p.Ala1577Thr+p.Gly2060Cys in(More)
Studies with isolated membrane fractions have shown that calmodulin (CaM) inhibits the activity of cardiac muscle cell Ca(2+) release channel ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2). To determine the physiological importance of CaM regulation of RyR2, we generated a mouse with 3 amino acid substitutions (RyR2-W3587A/L3591D/F3603A) in exon 75 of the Ryr2 gene, which(More)