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Single-channel and [ 3 H]ryanodine binding experiments were carried out to examine the effects of imperatoxin activator (IpTx a ), a 33 amino acid peptide isolated from the venom of the African scorpion Pandinus imperator , on rabbit skeletal and canine cardiac muscle Ca 2 1 release channels (CRCs). Single channel currents from purified CRCs incorporated(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate Helicobacter pylori antibiotics resistance evolution from 2000 to 2009 to amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, tetracycline, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin in Beijing, China. METHODS A total of 374 H. pylori strains isolated from 374 subjects who had undergone upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from 2000 to 2009 were collected(More)
Sequence comparison suggests that the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) have pore architecture similar to that of the bacterial K+ channel KcsA. The lumenal loop linking the two most C-terminal transmembrane spanning segments in the RyRs has a predicted pore helix and an amino acid motif (GGGIG) similar to the selectivity filter (TVGYG) of KcsA identified by x-ray(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the study is to introduce our experience of a modified single-port minilaparoscopic technique for the treatment of pediatric hydrocele. METHODS Between June 2008 and May 2012, 279 boys (115 communicating hydrocele and 164 "non-communicating" hydrocele, diagnosis based on preoperative physical examination and scrotal ultrasound)(More)
Ion channels have been studied extensively in ambient O2 tension (pO2), whereas tissue PO2 is much lower. The skeletal muscle calcium release channel/ryanodine receptor (RyR1) is one prominent example. Here we report that PO2 dynamically controls the redox state of 6-8 out of 50 thiols in each RyR1 subunit and thereby tunes the response to NO. At(More)
Studies with isolated membrane fractions have shown that calmodulin (CaM) inhibits the activity of cardiac muscle cell Ca(2+) release channel ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2). To determine the physiological importance of CaM regulation of RyR2, we generated a mouse with 3 amino acid substitutions (RyR2-W3587A/L3591D/F3603A) in exon 75 of the Ryr2 gene, which(More)
Ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) releases Ca(2+) from intracellular stores upon nerve impulse to trigger skeletal muscle contraction. Effector binding at the cytoplasmic domain tightly controls gating of the pore domain of RyR1 to release Ca(2+). However, the molecular mechanism that links effector binding to channel gating is unknown due to lack of(More)
The skeletal muscle Ca(2+) release channel/ryanodine receptor (RyR1) contains approximately 50 thiols per subunit. These thiols have been grouped according to their reactivity/responsiveness toward NO, O(2), and glutathione, but the molecular mechanism enabling redox active molecules to modulate channel activity is poorly understood. In the case of NO, very(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) is a ubiquitous Ca2+-binding protein that regulates the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) by direct binding. CaM inhibits the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RyR1) and cardiac muscle receptor (RyR2) at >1 microm Ca2+ but activates RyR1 and inhibits RyR2 at <1 microm Ca2+. Here we tested whether CaM regulates RyR2 by binding to a highly(More)
We have characterized at the molecular level, three families with core myopathies carrying apparent recessive mutations in their RYR1 gene and studied the pharmacological properties of myotubes carrying endogenous mutations as well as the properties of mutant channels expressed in HEK293 cells. The proband of family 1 carried p.Ala1577Thr+p.Gly2060Cys in(More)