Learn More
The study of Cyber-Physical System (CPS) has been an active area of research. Internet Data Center (IDC) is an important emerging Cyber-Physical System. As the demand on Internet services drastically increases in recent years, the power used by IDCs has been skyrocketing. While most existing research focuses on reducing power consumptions of IDCs, the power(More)
This paper presents a fully distributed state estimation algorithm for wide-area monitoring in power systems. Through iterative information exchange with designated neighboring control areas, all the balancing authorities (control areas) can achieve an unbiased estimate of the entire power system’s state. In comparison with existing hierarchical or(More)
This paper proposes modeling the rapidly evolving energy systems as cyber-based physical systems. It introduces a novel cyber-based dynamical model whose mathematical description depends on the cyber technologies supporting the physical system. This paper discusses how such a model can be used to ensure full observability through a cooperative information(More)
| This paper surveys major technical challenges for power system operations in support of large-scale wind energy integration. The fundamental difficulties of integrating wind power arise from its high inter-temporal variation and limited predictability. The impact of wind power integration is manifested in, but not limited to, scheduling, frequency(More)
This paper addresses the problem of electricity cost management for Internet service providers with a collection of spatially distributed data centers. As the demand on Internet services drastically increases in recent years, the electricity consumed by Internet data centers (IDCs) has been skyrocketing. While most existing research focuses on reducing(More)
We study the economic impact of a potential class of integrity cyber attacks, named false data injection attacks, on electric power market operations. In particular, we show that with the knowledge of the transmission system topology, attackers may circumvent the bad data detection algorithms equipped in today’s state estimator. This, in turn, may be(More)
BACKGROUND The great accuracy of computer-assisted operative systems for pedicle screw insertion makes them highly desirable for spinal surgeries. However, computer-assisted pedicle screw placement is expensive, and the learning curve for these techniques is significant. We have developed a novel method of spinal pedicle stereotaxy by reverse engineering(More)
This paper studies the fundamental dimensionality of synchrophasor data, and proposes an online application for early event detection using the reduced dimensionality. First, the dimensionality of the phasor measurement unit (PMU) data under both normal and abnormal conditions is analyzed. This suggests an extremely low underlying dimensionality despite the(More)
Alignment parameters in 199 healthy lower extremities of Southern Chinese adults and the parameters' anatomical influence were studied in a standardized frontal plane for the selection of the proper valgus angle of the distal femoral cut in total knee arthroplasty. The average hip-knee-ankle angle was 179.8 degrees +/- 2.4 degrees. The average femoral(More)