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been overlooked. This is an important problem faced by service providers, especially in the current multi-electricity market, where the price of electricity may exhibit time and location diversities. Further, for these service providers, guaranteeing quality of service (i.e. service level objectives-SLO) such as service delay guarantees to the end users is(More)
Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works. This paper surveys(More)
—This paper proposes modeling the rapidly evolving energy systems as cyber-based physical systems. It introduces a novel cyber-based dynamical model whose mathematical description depends on the cyber technologies supporting the physical system. This paper discusses how such a model can be used to ensure full observability through a cooperative information(More)
In this paper, a model predictive control (MPC)-based coordinated scheduling framework for variable wind generation and battery energy storage systems (BESSs) is presented. On the basis of the short-term forecast of available wind generation and price information, a joint look-ahead optimization is performed by the wind farm and storage system to determine(More)
—This paper studies the fundamental dimensionality of synchrophasor data, and proposes an online application for early event detection using the reduced dimensionality. First, the dimen-sionality of the phasor measurement unit (PMU) data under both normal and abnormal conditions is analyzed. This suggests an extremely low underlying dimensionality despite(More)
Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works. Abstract—We study(More)
Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works. Abstract—This(More)
—This paper explores a fully distributed state estimation algorithm in multi-area interconnected power systems. By iteratively exchanging information with neighboring control areas, all the balancing authorities (control areas) can achieve an unbiased estimate of the entire interconnection's states. Compared with existing literature on distributed or(More)
The present method of C2 laminar screw placement relies on anatomical landmarks for screw placement. Placement of C2 laminar screws using drill template has not been described in the literature. The authors reported on their experience with placement of C2 laminar screws using a novel computer-assisted drill guide template in nine patients undergoing(More)