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The present review aims to systematically and critically analyze the current knowledge on phospholipases and their role in physiological and pathological mineralization undertaken by mineralization competent cells. Cellular lipid metabolism plays an important role in biological mineralization. The physiological mechanisms of mineralization are likely to(More)
A direct and continuous approach to determine simultaneously protein and phosphate concentrations in cells and kinetics of phosphate release from physiological substrates by cells without any labeling has been developed. Among the enzymes having a phosphatase activity, tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) performs indispensable, multiple(More)
To determine phospholipase D (PLD) activity, an infrared spectroscopy assay was developed, based on the phosphate vibrational mode of phospholipids such as dimyristoylphophatidylcholine (DMPC), lysophosphatidylglycerol (lysoPG), dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DPPE), and lysophosphatidylserine (lysoPS). The phosphate bands served to monitor the(More)
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