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CTL clear virus-infected cells and tumorigenic cells by releasing potent cytotoxic enzymes stored in preformed lytic granules. The exocytosis process includes polarization of lytic granules toward the immunological synapse, tethering of lytic granules to the plasma membrane and finally fusion of lytic granules with the plasma membrane to release cytotoxic(More)
The hemagglutinin (HA) of influenza A virus plays an essential role in mediating the entry of the virus into host cells. Here, recombinant full-length HA5 protein from a H5N1 isolate (A/chicken/hatay/2004(H5N1)) was expressed and purified from the baculovirus-insect cell system. As expected, full-length HA5 elicits strong neutralizing antibodies, as(More)
Voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) are key regulators of cell signaling and Ca(2+)-dependent release of neurotransmitters and hormones. Understanding the mechanisms that inactivate VGCCs to prevent intracellular Ca(2+) overload and govern their specific subcellular localization is of critical importance. We report the identification and functional(More)
We have previously shown that an Escherichia coli-expressed, denatured spike (S) protein fragment of the severe acute respiratory coronavirus, containing residues 1029 to 1192 which include the heptad repeat 2 (HR2) domain, was able to induce neutralizing polyclonal antibodies (C. T. Keng, A. Zhang, S. Shen, K. M. Lip, B. C. Fielding, T. H. Tan, C. F. Chou,(More)
A spontaneous lymphoma was detected in mice, which was caused by a recessive autosomal mutation. The genetic basis was revealed to be a 5-bp deletion at the splicing donor site of the first intron of the FasL gene, resulting in aberrant transcripts coding for non-functional proteins. This mutation of the FasL gene caused development of lymphoma in all four(More)
This is a first report of recombinant production of human prepro-Urocortin 2 in Escherichia coli by N-terminal fusion with a triple His₆-SUMO-eXact tag and its subsequent use as an antigen for the production and screening of very high affinity monoclonal antibodies. The rationale for this combinatorial construct is that the His tag allows first step protein(More)
Helicobacter pylori causes cellular vacuolation in host cells, a cytotoxic event attributed to vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) and the presence of permeant weak bases such as ammonia. We report here the role of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), a constitutively expressed secretory enzyme of H. pylori, in potentiating VacA-dependent vacuolation formation in H.(More)
Exocytosis in response to action potential–evoked membrane depolarization has been extensively characterized in the nervous system, in which neurotransmitters or hormones are released after extracellular Ca influx at synapses in neurons or in neuroendocrine cells, respectively. In pancreatic islet  cells, for example, glucose elevation results in the(More)
Chemotoxicity due to unwanted p53 activation in the bone marrow remains an unmet clinical challenge. Doxorubicin, a first-line chemotherapy drug, often causes myelosuppression in patients, thus limiting its effectiveness. In this study, we discovered that C646, a reversible p300 inhibitor, downregulates p53 transcription and selectively protects(More)
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