Le Anh Luong

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Transcription factors belonging to the NF-kappaB family regulate inflammation by inducing pro-inflammatory molecules (e.g. interleukin (IL)-8) in response to cytokines (e.g. tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, IL-1) or other stimuli. Several negative regulators of NF-kappaB, including the ubiquitin-editing enzyme A20, participate in the resolution of(More)
This study investigated the cannabinoid receptor, known to inhibit neuronally-evoked contractions of the mouse isolated urinary bladder, in bladder sections isolated from mouse, rat, dog, pig non-human primate or human. The CB(1)-like pharmacology of the cannabinoid receptor in mouse isolated bladder observed previously was confirmed in this study by the(More)
OBJECTIVE Proinflammatory mediators influence atherosclerosis by inducing adhesion molecules (eg, VCAM-1) on endothelial cells (ECs) via signaling intermediaries including p38 MAP kinase. Regions of arteries exposed to high shear stress are protected from inflammation and atherosclerosis, whereas low-shear regions are susceptible. Here we investigated(More)
Intestinal dendritic cells (DCs) send processes between epithelial cells into the gut lumen to sample pathogens. Noninvasive enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) colonize the gut using a type three secretion system (T3SS) to inject effector proteins into epithelial cells. We hypothesized that EPEC might also inject proteins into DC processes to dampen(More)
This study examines the role of p21(Waf-1) , a p53-dependent protein, in regulating mechanisms that protect keratinocytes against ultraviolet-B-induced cellular damage. Keratinocytes from p21(Waf-1) or p53-deficient mice were irradiated with ultraviolet B, and examined for DNA repair, cell cycle progression, and cell death. Both p21(Waf-1) -deficient and(More)
Regions of the arterial tree exposed to laminar flow, which exerts high shear stress, are protected from inflammation, endothelial cell (EC) death and atherosclerosis. TNFalpha activates NF-kappaB transcription factors, which potentially exert dual functions by inducing both proinflammatory and cytoprotective transcripts. We assessed whether laminar shear(More)
NF-kappaB transcription factors induce pro-inflammatory molecules (e.g. IL-8) in response to cytokines (e.g. TNFalpha, IL-1beta) or other stimuli. In the basal state, they are sequestered in the cytoplasm by inhibitory IkappaB proteins. Pro-inflammatory signaling triggers polyubiquitination of intermediaries (e.g. RIP1), which activate IkappaB kinases that(More)
AIMS We have recently reported that microRNA-34a (miR-34a) regulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) differentiation from stem cells in vitro and in vivo. However, little is known about the functional involvements of miR-34a in VSMC functions and vessel injury-induced neointima formation. In the current study, we aimed to establish the causal role of(More)
OBJECTIVE Although atherosclerosis is associated with systemic risk factors such as age, high cholesterol, and obesity, plaque formation occurs predominately at branches and bends that are exposed to disturbed patterns of blood flow. The molecular mechanisms that link disturbed flow-generated mechanical forces with arterial injury are uncertain. To(More)
RATIONALE Hypoxia followed by reoxygenation promotes inflammation by activating nuclear factor κB transcription factors in endothelial cells (ECs). This process involves modification of the signaling intermediary tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 with polyubiquitin chains. Thus, cellular mechanisms that suppress tumor necrosis factor(More)