Lazaros K. Kochilas

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Velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome (VCFS/DGS) is associated with de novo hemizygous 22q11.2 deletions and is characterized by malformations attributed to abnormal development of the pharyngeal arches and pouches. The main physical findings include aortic arch and outflow tract heart defects, thymus gland hypoplasia or aplasia and craniofacial(More)
BACKGROUND Outcomes for repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) from individual institutions suggest a significant improvement in mortality over the past several decades. The purpose of this study is to review the outcomes after repair of TAPVC from a large multiinstitutional registry. METHODS A retrospective review of the(More)
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of preparedness and resources needed in Minnesota for the implementation of newborn screening for critical congenital heart diseases (CCHDs). METHODS: A cross sectional survey of all birth centers in Minnesota was performed to assess the capacity to deliver care essential for the CCHD screening program. Compliance with the(More)
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and other congenital diaphragmatic defects are associated with significant mortality and morbidity in neonates; however, the molecular basis of these developmental anomalies is unknown. In an analysis of E18.5 embryos derived from mice treated with N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea, we identified a mutation that causes pulmonary(More)
The velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS)/DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) is a genetic disorder characterized by phenotypic abnormalities of the derivatives of the pharyngeal arches, including cardiac outflow tract defects. Neural crest cells play a major role in the development of the pharyngeal arches, and defects in these cells are likely responsible for the(More)
OBJECTIVES Few studies have described the survival of low-birth-weight infants weighing less than 1.5 kg at operation for a cardiac malformation. Our goal was to determine if body weight at surgery affects survival. METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study using outcome data from the Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium between 1982 and 2006. RESULTS(More)
Velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome (VCFS/DGS) is a congenital anomaly disorder associated with hemizygous 22q11 deletions. We previously showed that bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) transgenic mice overexpressing four transgenes, PNUTL1, (CDCrel-1), GP1B beta, TBX1 and WDR14, had reduced viability, cardiovascular malformations and thymus(More)
During embryonic development the heart is required to grow in size and cell number, undergo complex morphologic alterations, and function to circulate the blood. Between embryonic d 10.5 (E10.5) and E11.5, cardiac myocytes undergo rapid cell division, resulting in doubling of cardiac mass, while metabolic requirements are increased and contraction force is(More)
This study aimed to identify early outcomes of and prognostic factors for left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) reoperation after primary atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) repair. A retrospective cohort study was performed using the Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium database, which included 370 patients with previously repaired AVSDs who subsequently(More)
BACKGROUND Sex has been linked to differential outcomes for cardiovascular disease in adults. We examined potential sex differences in outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS We retrospectively analyzed data from the Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium (1982-2007) by using logistic regression to evaluate the effects of sex on 30-day(More)