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Recent imaging studies in healthy controls with a conditional stop signal reaction time (RT) task have implicated the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in response inhibition and the pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) in conflict resolution. Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by striatal dopamine deficiency and overactivity of the STN and underactivation(More)
We conducted an open label pilot study of the effect of bilateral subthalamotomy in 18 patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. In seven patients, the first subthalamotomy pre-dated the second by 12-24 months ('staged surgery'). Subsequently, a second group of 11 patients received bilateral subthalamotomy on the same day ('simultaneous surgery').(More)
Dopamine depletion induces a series of changes in the basal ganglia motor circuit that underlie the origin of the cardinal features of Parkinson's disease. It has now been established that hyperactivity of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is an essential feature of the parkinsonian state. This leads to increased excitatory driving onto the globus pallidum(More)
Since the advent of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD), subsequent cognitive and neuropsychiatric effects of this procedure have become well-chronicled. Yet, thermolitic lesion of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is still a valid option when DBS cannot be applied, and little has been published regarding its impact on(More)
The role of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in the origin of parkinsonian tremor is discussed. Previous studies in monkeys made parkinsonian by MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) administration suggested a direct participation of the STN in the pathophysiology of tremor. We recorded tremor-related activity in the STN in 12 patients with(More)
This paper summarizes the results of three controlled clinical trials related to the transplantation of embryonic ventral mesencephalic tissue into the striatum of 46 idiopathic parkinsonian patients exhibiting motor complications on standard levodopa therapy. From January 1988 to April 1990, 30 subjects with fluctuating Parkinson's disease received fetal(More)
We report our experience of unilateral subthalamotomy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Eleven patients were included in a pilot, open-labeled study to assess the effect of unilateral lesion of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) with a minimum of 12 months of follow-up. The guidelines of CAPIT (Core Assessment Program for Intracerebral Transplantation)(More)
The aim of our study was to investigate two inter-related hypotheses about the role of the subthalamic nucleus. First that the subthalamic nucleus plays a role in adjusting response thresholds and speed-accuracy trade-offs and second that it is involved in reactive and proactive inhibition and conflict resolution. These were addressed by comparing the(More)
BACKGROUND Stereotactic thermocoagulative lesions of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) have been shown to induce significant motor improvement in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS 89 patients with PD were treated with unilateral subthalamotomy. 68 patients were available for evaluations after 12 months, 36 at 24 months and 25 at 36(More)