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We analyzed p53 cDNA and genomic clones from a variety of normal and transformed cells. Sequence analysis of these clones revealed that amino acid residue 72 can be an arginine, proline, or cysteine. This single codon difference results in electrophoretically distinct forms of human p53 seen in normal and transformed cells.
Thirty hybridomas that secrete immunoglobulins against the simian virus 40 tumor antigens were isolated and cloned. Of these, 28 produced antibodies which bound to simian virus 40 large-T, and 2 produced antibodies which bound to the host 53,000-dalton protein. As in previous work, large-T antigen was found to have at least one determinant that it shared(More)
The human papillomaviruses (HPV) are associated specifically with epithelial lesions, ranging from benign warts to invasive carcinoma. The virus encodes three late proteins, which are produced only in terminally differentiating keratinocytes, two of which are structural components of the virion. The third, E1-E4, is derived primarily from the E4 open(More)
The isolation and construction of a complete human p53 cDNA and subsequent expression in monkey cells is described. A set of new anti-(human p53) monoclonal antibodies has also been obtained and used to show the expression of the human p53 cDNA in cos-l cells. These antibodies enable the specific detection of human p53, which is synthesised in the presence(More)
We have examined a series of squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the anus, anal intraepithelial neoplasia grade III (AINII) lesions and haemorrhoids for the presence of sequences from transforming human papillomavirus (HPV) types by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/Southern blotting. In addition, the same DNAs have been analysed for abnormalities in the c-myc,(More)
p53 mRNA and proteins were examined in a variety of human transformed cells and in normal human foreskin fibroblast cells. Both the steady-state and translatable levels of p53 mRNA were the same in normal and transformed human cells. In vitro synthesized p53, programmed by mRNA from normal and transformed human cells, revealed that there was heterogeneity(More)
Tumour tissue from patients with colorectal and mammary tumours has been assayed for the cellular protein p53 using a specific radioimmune assay. The levels of p53 in normal tissues are not detectable with this assay but a substantial number of the tumours showed detectable p53, i.e. the amounts of this protein were significantly increased, to levels which(More)
Human cell lines, whether derived from spontaneous tumors or transformed in vitro with simian virus 40, were found to contain a 53,000-dalton phosphoprotein (pp53) in contrast to normal human cells in which this protein was not detected. Isoelectric focusing showed that pp53 comprised several species in both simian virus 40-transformed and tumor cells.(More)