Layla Shahmirzadi

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PURPOSE Exome sequencing of a single individual for a clinical indication may result in the identification of incidental deleterious variants unrelated to the indication for testing (secondary findings). Given the recent availability of clinical exome testing, there is a limited knowledge regarding the disclosure preferences and impact of secondary findings(More)
Intellectual disability is a heterogeneous disorder with a wide phenotypic spectrum. Over 1,700 OMIM genes have been associated with this condition, many of which reside on the X-chromosome. The IQSEC2 gene is located on chromosome Xp11.22 and is known to play a significant role in the maintenance and homeostasis of the brain. Mutations in IQSEC2 have been(More)
Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have recently been associated with mutations in the caveolin-1 ( CAV1 ) gene, which encodes the primary structural protein of caveolae. However, little is currently known about how these CAV1 mutations impact caveolae formation or contribute to the development of disease.(More)
PURPOSE Diagnostic exome sequencing was immediately successful in diagnosing patients in whom traditional technologies were uninformative. Herein, we provide the results from the first 500 probands referred to a clinical laboratory for diagnostic exome sequencing. METHODS Family-based exome sequencing included whole-exome sequencing followed by family(More)
OBJECTIVE Exome sequencing is a successful option for diagnosing individuals with previously uncharacterized genetic conditions, however little has been reported regarding its utility in a prenatal setting. The goal of this study is to describe the results from a cohort of fetuses for which exome sequencing was performed. METHODS We performed a(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the molecular basis for prenatally suspected cases of megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) (MIM 249210) in 3 independent families with clinical and radiographic evidence of MMIHS. METHODS Whole-exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing of the ACTG2 gene. RESULTS We identified a novel heterozygous de(More)
Mutations in BRAT1, encoding BRCA1-associated ATM activator 1, are associated with a severe phenotype known as rigidity and multifocal seizure syndrome, lethal neonatal (RMFSL; OMIM # 614498), characterized by intractable seizures, hypertonia, autonomic instability, and early death. We expand the phenotypic spectrum of BRAT1 related disorders by reporting(More)
PURPOSE Diagnostic exome sequencing (DES) is now a commonly ordered test for individuals with undiagnosed genetic disorders. In addition to providing a diagnosis for characterized diseases, exome sequencing has the capacity to uncover novel candidate genes for disease. METHODS Family-based DES included analysis of both characterized and novel genetic(More)
BACKGROUND With the expanded availability of next generation sequencing (NGS)-based clinical genetic tests, clinicians seeking to test patients with Mendelian diseases must weigh the superior coverage of targeted gene panels with the greater number of genes included in whole exome sequencing (WES) when considering their first-tier testing approach. Here, we(More)
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