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The ZnO:Al thin films were prepared by RF magnetron sputtering on Si substrate using Pt as interdigitated electrodes. The structure was characterized by XRD and SEM analyses, and the ethanol vapor gas sensing as well as electrical properties have been investigated and discussed. The gas sensing results show that the sensitivity for detecting 400 ppm ethanol(More)
The ellipsometric measurement of local surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) caused by the adsorption of chitosan on layer-by-layer gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) was investigated. Six nanometer (6 nm) Au NPs were prepared and layer-by-layer Au NPs were fabricated to shift the LSPR to 520, 540, and 560 nm, respectively, due to the Mie theory. The thicknesses and(More)
Natural pigment can act as an inexpensive and biologically-friendly dye, which is fabricated on a TiO2/FTO substrate. Natural pigments promote the efficiency of the photoelectric conversion in water-based DSSC with the aqueous electrolyte of the Ce+4/+3 system. The open-circuit voltage (Voc) of natural pigment in water-based DSSC is 0.640 V. The(More)
Few ellipsometric studies have been conducted on Au self-assembled monolayers (SAM), with large discrepancies obtained for refractive index values. Because the Au NPs layer is a kind of composite layer, Au NPs and void, the effective media approximate (EMA) model was employed to investigate the optical properties of Au NPs. The reflective coefficient(More)
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