Lawton J Stubbert

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UV light induces the expression of a wide variety of genes. At present, it is unclear how cells sense the extent of DNA damage and alter the expression of UV-induced genes appropriately. UV light induces DNA damage that blocks transcription, and the probability that a gene sustains transcription-blocking DNA damage is proportional to locus size and dose of(More)
Cell cycle progression is regulated through changes in the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases that are, in turn, regulated by the expression of their respective cyclin partners. In primary cells, cyclin E expression increases through the G(1) phase of the cell cycle and peaks near the G(1)/S boundary. The unscheduled expression of cyclin E in primary(More)
Tumors are complex ecosystems composed of networks of interacting 'normal' and malignant cells. It is well recognized that cytokine-mediated cross-talk between normal stromal cells, including cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), vascular endothelial cells, immune cells, and cancer cells, influences all aspects of tumor biology. Here we demonstrate that the(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor is a transcription factor that can either activate or repress the expression of specific genes in response to cellular stresses such as exposure to ultraviolet light. The p53 protein can exert both pro- and anti-apoptotic effects depending on cellular context. In primary human fibroblasts, p53 protects cells from UV-induced(More)
As cancer treatment tools, oncolytic viruses (OV) have yet to realize what some see as their ultimate clinical potential. In this study, we have engineered a chimeric vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) that is devoid of its natural neurotoxicity while retaining potent oncolytic activity. The envelope glycoprotein (G) of VSV was replaced with a variant(More)
Two adjacent regions within the transactivation domain of p53 are sufficient to support sequence-specific transactivation when fused to a heterologous DNA binding domain. It has been hypothesized that these two subdomains of p53 may contribute to the expression of distinct p53-responsive genes. Here we have used oligonucleotide microarrays to identify(More)
Ultraviolet light (UV light) induces helix distorting DNA lesions that pose a block to replicative DNA polymerases. Recovery from this replication arrest is reportedly impaired in nucleotide excision repair (NER)-deficient xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) fibroblasts and primary fibroblasts lacking functional p53. These independent observations suggested that the(More)
One of the most commonly used classes of anti-cancer drugs presently in clinical practice is the platinum-based drugs, including cisplatin. The efficacy of cisplatin therapy is often limited by the emergence of resistant tumours following treatment. Cisplatin resistance is multi-factorial but can be associated with increased DNA repair capacity, mutations(More)
Rhabdoviruses (RVs) are currently being pursued as anticancer therapeutics for various tumor types, notably leukemia. However, modest virion production and limited spread between noncontiguous circulating leukemic cells requires high-dose administration of RVs, which exceeds the maximum tolerable dose of the live virus. Furthermore, in severely(More)
RNA polymerase II is unable to bypass bulky DNA lesions induced by agents like ultraviolet light (UV light) and cisplatin that are located in the template strand of active genes. Arrested polymerases form a stable ternary complex at the site of DNA damage that is thought to pose an impediment to the repair of these lesions. Transcription-coupled nucleotide(More)