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OBJECTIVE Enlargement of the median nerve is an objective potential imaging sign of carpal tunnel syndrome. Diffusion tensor MRI (DTI) may provide additional structural information that may prove useful in characterizing median neuropathy. This study further examines normal values for median nerve cross-sectional area (CSA), apparent diffusion coefficient(More)
PURPOSE To investigate a tetrahedral diffusion gradient encoding scheme to measure the diffusion tensor in vivo for human calf muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS The theoretical TE which maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the diffusion images was derived for both the orthogonal and tetrahedral sampling strategies and the SNR advantage verified(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common disorder that arises secondary to mutations in the tumor suppressor gene NF1. Glomus tumors are small, benign but painful tumors that originate from the glomus body, a thermoregulatory shunt concentrated in the fingers and toes. We report 11 individuals with NF1 who harbored 20 glomus tumors of the fingers and 1 in(More)
To provide the best opportunities for life-saving interventions in the event of a radiological or nuclear threat, there is an urgent need to improve the speed and efficiency of biodosimetric assays for triage and therapy. A rapid automated biodosimetric system used to assess thousands of individual radiation exposure doses is helpful to curb mass panic, and(More)
This paper investigates the condition of constant line energy, that is, the ratio of laser power to scanning velocity is kept constant. Under the condition, the effects of velocity change on temperature, net energy input, strain rate and material flow stress are studied. Their collective effects on dimension, residual stress, hardness and microstructure are(More)
The process of laser shock peening induces compressive residual stresses in a material to improve material fatigue life. For micron sized laser beams, the size of the laser-target interaction zone is of the same order of magnitude as the target material grains and thus the target material must be considered as being anisotropic and inhomogeneous. Single(More)
Experimental investigation and numerical simulation of the influence of the strain rate in laser forming are presented. To isolate and effectively study the strain rate effects, which are temperature dependent, a "constant peak temperature" method is developed with the aid of numerical modeling and solution. Under the condition of the constant peak(More)
The process of laser shock peening induces compressive residual stresses in a material to improve material fatigue life. For micron sized laser beams, the size of the laser-target interaction zone is of the same order of magnitude as the target material grains and, thus, the target material must be considered anisotropic and inhomogeneous. Single crystals(More)