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Apicomplexan host cell invasion and gliding motility depend on the parasite's actomyosin system located beneath the plasma membrane of invasive stages. Myosin A (MyoA), a class XIV unconventional myosin, is the motor protein. A model has been proposed to explain how the actomyosin motor operates but little is known about the components, topology and(More)
Species of malaria parasite that infect rodents have long been used as models for malaria disease research. Here we report the whole-genome shotgun sequence of one species, Plasmodium yoelii yoelii, and comparative studies with the genome of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum clone 3D7. A synteny map of 2,212 P. y. yoelii contiguous DNA(More)
TRP1ARS1 is a circular yeast DNA of 1453 base-pairs that contains the N-5'phosphoribosyl anthranilate isomerase (TRP1) gene and a sequence important for autonomous replication (ARS1). It exists extrachromosomally in 100 to 200 copies/cell and is presumably packed in nucleosomes. TRP1ARS1 has been partially purified as chromatin from lysed spheroplasts of(More)
The Myosin A-tail interacting protein (MTIP) of the malaria parasite links the actomyosin motor of the host cell invasion machinery to its inner membrane complex. We report here that at neutral pH Plasmodium falciparum MTIP in complex with Myosin A adopts a compact conformation, with its two domains completely surrounding the Myosin A-tail helix,(More)
Pho85, a protein kinase with significant homology to the cyclin-dependent kinase, Cdc28, has been shown to function in repression of transcription of acid phosphatase (APase, encoded by PHO5) in high phosphate (Pi) medium, as well as in regulation of the cell cycle at G1/S. We described several unique phenotypes associated with the deletion of the PHO85(More)
Cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) and their inhibitors play a critical role in many biological processes. In yeast, the ankyrin repeat protein Pho81p, by being an inhibitor of the Pho85p-Pho80p cyclin-dependent protein kinase complex, transcriptionally regulates the production of repressible acid phosphatase, encoded by the PHO5 gene. Recent studies(More)
The excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of severe malaria. Mammalian macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) (mMIF) is an immune mediator that promotes a sustained proinflammatory response by inhibiting the glucocorticoid-mediated downregulation of inflammation. In addition, Plasmodium(More)
Total RNA from rat Schwann cells grown in culture and adult rat skeletal muscle was reverse transcribed, amplified for glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) messenger RNA (mRNA) using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the PCR products sequenced. Two forms of GDNF were detected in the PCR step, one of a predicted size (GDNF633) and a(More)
The PHO80 and PHO85 gene products encode proteins necessary for the repression of transcription from the major acid phosphatase gene (PHO5) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The deduced amino acid sequences of these genes have revealed that PHO85 is likely to encode a protein kinase, whereas no potential function has been revealed for PHO80. We undertook several(More)