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A physical yet compact gate delay model is developed integrating short-channel effects and the Alpha-power law based timing model. This analytical approach accurately predicts both nominal delay and delay variability over a wide range of bias conditions, including sub-threshold. Excellent model scalability enables efficient mapping between process(More)
Scaling has allowed rising transistor counts per die and increases leakage at an exponential rate, making power a primary constraint in all integrated circuit designs. Future designs must address emerging leakage components due to direct band to band tunneling, through MOSFET oxides and at steep junction doping gradients. In this paper, we describe circuit(More)
Lowering active power dissipation is increasingly important for battery powered embedded microprocessors. Here, power reduction techniques applicable to fully associative translation lookaside buffers, as well as other associative structures and dynamic register files, are described. Powermill simulations of implementation in a microprocessor on 0.18mm(More)
Static power dissipation is a concern for battery powered hand-held devices since it can substantially impact the battery life. Here, the use of reverse body bias to limit I<inf>off</inf> on the high performance, low power XScale&#8482; microprocessor core is described. The scheme utilized is amenable to implementation on a low-cost (non-triple well)(More)
Operating CMOS circuits with power supplies below the threshold voltage has been suggested for ultra-low power systems. High fan-in or fan-out circuits, such as those in memories, are prone to failure when operating in this regime. Vanishing noise margins due to reduced transistor on-to-off current ratios result in circuit failure as the supply voltage(More)
Integrated circuit authentication requires identification using un-clonable digital fingerprints. SRAM power-up state is one such fingerprinting method. In this paper we present a new, more robust hardware technique for generating secret keys and unique serial numbers using SRAM cells' inherent mismatch due to process variations in the constituent(More)
—An internet protocol (IP) router determines the next hop for a packet by finding the longest prefix match. This lookup often occurs in ternary content addressable memory (TCAM), which allows bit masking of the IP address. In this paper, an in-ternet protocol content addressable memory (IPCAM) circuit that directly determines the longest prefix match to the(More)