Lawrence S. Kleiman

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A single transcript in its unspliced and spliced forms directs the synthesis of all HIV-1 proteins. Although nuclear export of intron-containing cellular transcripts is restricted in mammalian cells, HIV-1 has evolved the viral Rev protein to overcome this restriction for viral transcripts. Previously, CRM1 was identified as a cellular cofactor for(More)
APOBEC3G, a member of an RNA/DNA cytidine deaminase superfamily, has been identified as a cellular inhibitor of HIV-1 infectivity, possibly through the dC to dU deamination of the first minus strand cDNA synthesized during reverse transcription. Virions incorporate APOBEC3G during viral assembly in non-permissive cells, and this incorporation is inhibited(More)
RNA helicase A (RHA) belongs to the DEAH family of proteins that are capable of unwinding double-stranded RNA structure. In addition to its involvement in the metabolism of cellular RNA, RHA has been shown to stimulate RNA transcription from the long terminal repeat promoter of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) as well as to enhance Rev/Rev(More)
Both retroviruses and long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons use cellular tRNAs as primers for reverse transcription during their replication cycles. In retroviruses, primer tRNA is selectively packaged into the virion, where it is placed onto the primer binding site (PBS) of the viral RNA genome and used to prime the reverse transcriptase(More)
Vif-negative HIV-1 produced in non-permissive human cells incorporate both APOBEC3F (hA3F) AND APOBEC3G (hA3G), and have a severely reduced ability to produce viral DNA in newly infected cells. While it has been proposed that this reduction is due to deamination of deoxycytidine in viral DNA by either hA3G or hA3F, followed by DNA degradation, recent(More)
The dense-bodies in the body wall muscle of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans function to anchor the actin thin filaments to the adjacent sarcolemma. One of the major components of the dense-bodies is the actin-binding protein alpha-actinin. To facilitate a genetic analysis of alpha-actinin, we have cloned a cDNA encoding the nematode protein, identified(More)
COS-7 cells transfected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA produce virus in which three tRNA species are most abundant in the viral tRNA population. These tRNAs have been identified through RNA sequencing techniques as tRNA(3Lys) the primer tRNA in HIV-1, and members of the tRNA(1,2Lys) isoacceptor family. These RNAs represent 60%(More)
A stem-loop termed the kissing-loop hairpin is one of the most highly conserved structures within the leader of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and chimpanzee immunodeficiency virus genomic RNA. Because it plays a key role in the in vitro dimerization of short HIV-1 RNA transcripts (M. Laughrea and L. Jette, Biochemistry 35:1589-1598, 1996, and(More)
RNA helicase A (RHA) has been shown to promote HIV-1 replication at both the translation and reverse transcription stages. A prerequisite step for reverse transcription involves the annealing of tRNA(3)(Lys), the primer for reverse transcription, to HIV-1 RNA. tRNA(3)(Lys) annealing is a multistep process that is initially facilitated by Gag prior to viral(More)
Cells are categorized as being permissive or nonpermissive according to their ability to produce infectious human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) lacking the viral protein Vif. Nonpermissive cells express the human cytidine deaminase APOBEC3G (hA3G), and Vif has been shown to bind to APOBEC3G and facilitate its degradation. Vif-negative HIV-1 virions(More)