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Family-based association mapping was used to follow up reports of linkage between reading disability (RD) and a genomic region on chromosome 15q. Using a two-stage approach, we ascertained 101 (stage 1) and 77 (stage 2) parent-proband trios, in which RD was characterized rigorously. In stage 1, a set of eight microsatellite markers spanning the region of(More)
Twenty patients with vocal fold motion impairment were reviewed to correlate the findings of electromyography (EMG) and stroboscopy. The causes of motion impairment were idiopathic, previous surgery with recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, neck and skull base trauma, and neoplasm. The EMG studies were analyzed to assess the status of innervation of the(More)
OBJECTIVES A systematic review of somatosensory evoked potentials performed early after onset of coma, to predict the likelihood of nonawakening. The pooled results were evaluated for rates of awakening, confidence intervals, and the possibility of rare exceptions. DATA SOURCES Forty-one articles reporting somatosensory evoked potentials in comatose(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the characteristics of phantom limb sensation, phantom limb pain, and residual limb pain, and to evaluate pain-related disability associated with phantom limb pain. DESIGN Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. Six or more months after lower limb amputation, participants (n = 255) completed an amputation pain questionnaire that(More)
STUDY DESIGN This report examines a technique for measurement of axial vertebral rotation using magnetic resonance imaging. OBJECTIVES To assess the reproducibility of three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging in the measurement of vertebral rotation at individual endplates in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
UNLABELLED Although previous research suggests that preamputation pain is a risk factor for pain after amputation, little is known about the association between acute postsurgical pain and chronic amputation-related pain. The current prospective study examined the associations of preamputation pain and acute postamputation pain with chronic(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes an acute vesicular disease of farm animals. The development of successful control strategies is limited by an incomplete understanding of the immune response to FMDV. Dendritic cells (DC) mediate the induction of immunity to pathogens, but their role in FMDV infection of cattle is uncharacterized. Bovine(More)
We compared three strategies for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome: using a single test; requiring one, two, or three of three tests to be abnormal; or utilizing a single summary variable incorporating data from three tests. Sixty-five hands of subjects without clinical carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) were compared with 66 hands with clinical CTS. Three(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions (excluding subjective barriers) in the prevention of wandering in people with dementia, in comparison with usual care, and to evaluate through the review and a qualitative study the acceptability to stakeholders of such interventions and identify ethical(More)
This article reviews the epidemiology and classification of traumatic peripheral nerve injuries, the effects of these injuries on nerve and muscle, and how electrodiagnosis is used to help classify the injury. Mechanisms of recovery are also reviewed. Motor and sensory nerve conduction studies, needle electromyography, and other electrophysiological methods(More)