Lawrence Robbins

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To investigate the potential of magnetic fields to act as a behavioral teratogen, pregnant CD1 mice were exposed or sham-exposed for all of gestation to a 50 Hz/20 mT magnetic field. Maturation of offspring was assessed using a range of standard developmental indices (eye opening, pinna detachment, hair coat, tooth eruption, sexual maturity, and weight) and(More)
M any patients with chronic migraine (CM) are refractory to our usual therapies. 1 Medication choices for the refractory chronic migraineur are limited and include polypharmacy with several preventives, monamine oxidase inhibitors, botulinum toxin type A and opioids, among others. 2 Each of these pharmacologic approaches helps a limited number of patients.(More)
igraine headaches are a common cause of disability in the United States, affecting approximately 60 million American adults, or 17.1% of women and 5.6% of men. 1 To help better define migraines, the term classical migraine has been replaced with migraine with aura and nonclassical migraine is now referred to as migraine without aura. Chronic migraine, which(More)
headaches are a common cause-ing approximately 60 million American adults, or 17.1% of women and 5.6% of men. 1 term classical migraine has been replaced with migraine with aura, and nonclassi-cal migraine now is referred to as migraine without aura. 15 days per month, lasting at least 4 hours, and for longer migraine, which causes symptoms on fewer than 15(More)
Refractory chronic migraine (RCM) is often associated with disability and a low quality of life (QOL). RCM ranges in severity from mild to severe. There would be a benefit both clinically and in research use in categorizing RCM patients according to severity. This study utilized a unique RCM severity rating scale, tracking the clinical course over 10 years.(More)
Refractory Chronic Migraine (RCM) results in a great deal of disability for patients and has a huge impact on their quality of life. In order to provide a framework for other physicians and health care providers, this author initiated the Refractory Headache Special Interest Section of the American Headache Society. This committee of headache specialists(More)
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