Lawrence Rice

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BACKGROUND Castleman disease, an unusual condition of unknown cause consisting of a massive proliferation of lymphoid tissue, remains a clinicopathologic diagnosis. Three histologic variants (hyaline vascular, plasma-cell, and mixed) and two clinical types (localized and multicentric) of Castleman disease have been described. OBJECTIVE To analyze the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is characterised by accelerated platelet destruction and decreased platelet production. Short-term administration of the thrombopoiesis-stimulating protein, romiplostim, has been shown to increase platelet counts in most patients with chronic ITP. We assessed the long-term administration of(More)
Erythropoietin is a growth factor for endothelial cells as well as for erythroid cells. In contrast to their proliferative response to physiological levels of erythropoietin, endothelial cells may respond to decreased levels by triggering a process called neocytolysis. Neocytolysis is the selective destruction of the youngest circulating red cells, which(More)
At one time, the diagnosis of a deficiency of vitamin B12 or folate was considered to be relatively straightforward. As knowledge has accumulated, the limitations of such tests as serum vitamin level measurements and the Schilling test have become apparent. With the development of newer tests, atypical and subclinical deficiency states have been recognized.(More)
Five new cases of plasma cell dyscrasia with coexistent myelofibrosis are described and six previously reported cases are reviewed. Four of the new patients and two from the literature had features of a previously unrecognized syndrome. This syndrome was characterized by significant paraprotein levels, marked marrow fibrosis, and plasmacytosis, without(More)
We have uncovered a physiologic process which negatively regulates the red cell mass by selectively hemolyzing young circulating red blood cells. This allows fine control of the number of circulating red blood cells under steady-state conditions and relatively rapid adaptation to new environments. Neocytolysis is initiated by a fall in erythropoietin(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is challenging. Over-diagnosis and over-treatment are common. OBJECTIVES To develop a pre-test clinical scoring model for HIT based on broad expert opinion that may be useful in guiding clinical decisions regarding therapy. PATIENTS/METHODS A pre-test model, the HIT Expert Probability(More)
Argatroban is a direct thrombin inhibitor approved for anticoagulation in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT; in several countries) and in patients with or at risk of HIT undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; in the USA). HIT is a relatively common extreme prothrombotic condition. When HIT is reasonably suspected, an alternative(More)
PURPOSE The ability of stored intracellular iron to enhance magnetic susceptibility forms the basis by which tissue iron can be detected by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging. We used this technique to assess myocardial, spleen, and liver iron content in patients with known or suspected iron overload disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS Spin echo NMR(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) affects 1 in 1600 to 1 in 5000 patients who receive ticlopidine, but little is known about the pathogenesis of this complication. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether von Willebrand factor (vWF), which has been associated with idiopathic TTP, is involved in the pathogenesis of ticlopidine-associated TTP. (More)