Lawrence R. Williams

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The role of chronic exogenous intracerebroventricular administration of nerve growth factor (NGF) on the morphology of layer V pyramidal cell dendrites in aging rats was quantified using Golgi impregnations. Both dendritic branching and dendritic spines from the basilar tree of randomly selected pyramidal neurons of the frontal cortex were evaluated in(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), a recently described and cloned member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily, has been shown to have marked trophic activity on several populations of central neurons. Survival-promoting and injury protectant activity in vitro and in vivo, using several paradigms, has been demonstrated(More)
NGF promotes the survival and enhances the neurotransmitter phenotype of basal forebrain and striatal cholinergic neurons in brain of rat. The objective of the present study was to determine whether stimulations of the cholinergic neuronal markers ChAT and high-affinity choline uptake are reflected in enhanced synthesis and release of ACh. Enhancement of(More)
Cholinergic neurones in the CNS undergo complex changes during normal aging. In recent years, considerable attention has focussed on the neurotrophins and, in particular, nerve growth factor, as potential maintenance factor for cholinergic-neurone function, and as therapeutic agents for use in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's(More)
Treatment of rats in vivo with NGF promotes the survival and enhances the neurotransmitter phenotype of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. We showed recently (Williams et al., 1993) that NGF-induced stimulations of the cholinergic markers ChAT and high-affinity choline uptake are reflected in an enhanced synthesis and release of ACh in terminals fields of(More)
In previous experiments examining the stimulatory effect of intracerebroventricular (icv) NGF treatment on basal forebrain choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity, many of the rats treated with the maximally effective dose of NGF appeared gaunt compared to the vehicle-treated control animals. The present experiments determined that icv infusion of NGF at(More)
A series of aza-5[H]-phenanthridin-6-ones were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of poly ADP-ribose polymerase-1 (PARP-1). Inhibitory potency of the unsubstituted aza-5[H]-phenanthridin-6-ones (i.e., benzonaphthyridones) was dependent on the position of the nitrogen atom within the core structure. The A ring nitrogen analogues (7-, 8-, and(More)
Acyltransferase (AT) enzyme activity was assayed biochemically and localized cytochemically in neuroblastoma monolayers to investigate the possible role of the enzyme in neuroblastoma differentiation and neurite extension. Treatment of cultures for 1 day with serum-free medium or Ro20-1724, a cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, induced neurite outgrowth(More)