Lawrence R. Stanberry

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Guinea pigs inoculated intravaginally with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) developed a self-limiting infection characterized by vesiculo-ulcerative lesions on the external genital skin, urinary retention, and hindlimb paralysis. Infection rarely resulted in death. Virologic, histologic, and immunoperoxidase data suggested the following scheme for viral(More)
Microbicides are compounds that applied vaginally or rectally, protect the user from sexually transmitted infections. Although no commercial product is yet available, many candidates are under development. A leading candidate, VivaGel (SPL7013 Gel) is the product of nanotechnology. The active ingredient is SPL7013, a dendrimer that was designed specifically(More)
In recent clinical trials, a vaccine that contained herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) glycoprotein D (gD2) and the adjuvant AS04 afforded HSV-seronegative women significant protection against HSV-2 genital disease and limited protection against infection. Similarly, in guinea pigs, immunization with the vaccine provided significant protection against(More)
A nucleic acid vaccine, expressing the gene encoding herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 glycoprotein D (gD2) under control of the cytomegalovirus immediate-early gene promoter, was used to immunize guinea pigs against genital HSV-2 infection. The vaccine elicited humoral immune responses comparable to those seen after HSV-2 infection. Immunized animals(More)
In two recent clinical trials, a vaccine containing herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 glycoprotein D (gD2) and a novel adjuvant AS04 comprising alum (Al) and 3-deactylated monophosphoryl lipid A (3-dMPL) afforded HSV-seronegative women significant protection against HSV-2 genital disease (vaccine efficacy, 73% in study 1 and 74% in study 2) and limited(More)
BACKGROUND The ectodomain of matrix protein 2 (M2e) is a promising candidate for a broadly protective influenza A vaccine because it is highly conserved and antibodies to M2e are protective in animal models. STF2.4xM2e (VAX102) is a recombinant fusion protein that links four tandem copies of the M2e antigen to Salmonella typhimurium flagellin, a TLR5 ligand(More)
After recovery from initial genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, female guinea pigs developed spontaneous recurrent infections characterized by discrete erythematous or vesicular herpetic lesions on the external genital skin. HSV type 2 (HSV2) caused significantly more recurrent infections in guinea pigs than did HSV type 1 (HSV1). HSV2-infected(More)
BACKGROUND Two previous trials have suggested that a herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 glycoprotein D (gD) vaccine combined with the adjuvants alum and 3'-O-deacylated-monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) is well tolerated and provides protection against genital herpes disease in women with no preexisting HSV antibody. METHODS The safety and immunogenicity of(More)
BACKGROUND An effective prophylactic vaccine would help control the spread of genital herpes. METHODS We conducted two double-blind, randomized trials of a herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) glycoprotein-D-subunit vaccine with alum and 3-O-deacylated-monophosphoryl lipid A in subjects whose regular sexual partners had a history of genital herpes. In(More)
We determined the prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies in a cohort of adolescents 12 to 22 years of age in anticipation of the development of vaccines to control HSV and CMV infections. For the overall study population, we found that 62% were seropositive for HSV type 1 (HSV-1), 12% were seropositive for HSV type 2(More)