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BACKGROUND National data from the mid-1990s demonstrated that many eligible patients did not receive highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and that racial and gender disparities existed in HAART receipt. We examined whether demographic disparities in the use of HAART persist in 2001 and if outpatient care is associated with HAART utilization. (More)
We reviewed 135 cases of candidemia occurring between 1983 and 1986 to examine oncologic and nononcologic populations and assess factors for survival. Candida albicans was the most common species (51%); Candida tropicalis occurred most frequently in leukemia patients (57%), whereas Candida parapsilosis and Torulopsis glabrata were associated with solid(More)
For one year all narcotic addicts admitted to the Detroit Medical Center with infectious endocarditis (74 cases) were compared with a control group of bacteremic addicts who had other infections (106 cases). Endocarditis was caused by Staphylococcus aureus (60.8% of cases), streptococci (16.2%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13.5%), mixed bacteria (8.1%), and(More)
Fungemia caused by Trichosporon beigelii (cutaneum) has been recently recognized as a fatal infection afflicting immunocompromised patients. The authors report the case of a leukemic patient who developed splenic infection from disseminated T. beigelii. Treatment with amphotericin B, 5-fluorocytosine, and splenectomy proved successful. The etiology of(More)
BACKGROUND The most important predictor of early mortality in patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis is mental status at presentation; patients who present with altered mental status have up to 25% mortality. Historically, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion in HIV-negative patients with cryptococcal meningitis and signs of elevated(More)
This study was conducted to determine whether Pneumocystis carinii dyhydropteroate synthase (DHPS) gene mutations in AIDS patients with P. carinii pneumonia (PCP) are affected by duration of sulfa or sulfone prophylaxis and influence response to sulfa or sulfone therapy. The P. carinii DHPS genes from 97 AIDS patients with PCP between 1991 and 1999 from 4(More)
BACKGROUND Both didanosine and zalcitabine are commonly used to treat patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who cannot tolerate zidovudine treatment or who have had disease progression despite it. The relative efficacy and safety of these second-line therapies are not well defined. METHODS In this multicenter, open-label trial we(More)
The known effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on opportunistic infections (OIs) range from immune restoration disease to remission of specific OIs. In the present study, Mycobacterium avium complex infection recurred in 3 patients receiving antimycobacterial therapy and HAART. At the time of the initial M. avium infection, the mean CD4(More)
The value of CD4 lymphocyte counts as a surrogate marker in persons with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection during antiretroviral treatment was assessed using longitudinal models and data from the Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS didanosine/zalcitabine trial of 467 HIV-infected patients. Patients with AIDS or two CD4(More)
Adverse reactions to sulfonamides occur at a higher frequency in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) than noninfected patients. Some studies have suggested that patients with the slow acetylator phenotype are predisposed to these reactions, whereas other studies suggest that the slow acetylator genotype is not a predisposing(More)