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We have shown previously that in the acutely spinalized anesthetized rat the activities of many dorsal horn interneurons (DHN) at the T(10) level are correlated positively with both ongoing and stimulus-evoked renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and therefore may belong to networks generating RSNA after acute, cervical, spinal transection. In the(More)
We studied the location, distribution, and density of uterine nerve bundles in virgin, full-term pregnant, and early postpartum female rats. In the virgin, a low-magnification analysis of uterine whole-mounts stained for acetylcholinesterase revealed fibers both in close association with blood vessels and coursing freely within muscle or connective tissue(More)
In mammals with an intact neuraxis, most sympathetic nerve activity is generated by brain stem systems. Therefore these systems have attracted much more attention than spinal systems that generate excitatory inputs to sympathetic preganglionic neurons. The purpose of this study was to determine whether, within hours of C1 spinal cord transection, spinal(More)
We used the retrograde transneuronal transport of a neurotropic virus, pseudorabies virus (PRV), to identify the neurons in sympathetic ganglia, spinal cord and brain which regulate renal function and renal circulation. PRV was microinjected into the left kidney of 70, pentobarbital-anesthetized, male rats. After an incubation period of 1-4 days, rats were(More)
We measured renal, splenogastric, and lumbar multiunit sympathetic activities in chloralose-anesthetized, paralyzed, and artificially respired Sprague-Dawley rats. Acute spinal transection reduced arterial pressure and lumbar sympathetic activity. However, renal and splenogastric activities were doubled after transection. We conclude that spinal systems(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is well established as a neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral nervous systems. More recently, another gas, carbon monoxide (CO) has also been implicated in neurotransmission. In the nervous system CO is formed by a subtype of heme oxygenase (HO) designated HO2. HO2 is localized to discrete neuronal populations in the brain(More)
Integrated sympathetic activity was recorded on anterior or posterior divisions of the greater splanchnic nerve (GSN) in anesthetized, acutely spinalized, artificially respired Wistar rats before and after ganglionic blockade by hexamethonium. Focal electrical stimulation of spinal sympathoexcitatory pathways elicited large increases in splanchnic(More)
Axons fail to regenerate in the injured spinal cord, limiting motor and autonomic recovery and contributing to long-term morbidity. Endogenous inhibitors, including those on residual myelin, contribute to regeneration failure. One inhibitor, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), binds to sialoglycans and other receptors on axons. MAG inhibition of axon(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether spinal interneurons play a role in the regulation of sympathetic activity in spinally intact rats. In acutely spinally transected rats, we have described a population of spinal interneurons that, by virtue of correlations between their ongoing firing rates and the magnitude of ongoing renal(More)