Lawrence P. Schramm

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We studied the location, distribution, and density of uterine nerve bundles in virgin, full-term pregnant, and early postpartum female rats. In the virgin, a low-magnification analysis of uterine whole-mounts stained for acetylcholinesterase revealed fibers both in close association with blood vessels and coursing freely within muscle or connective tissue(More)
We have shown previously that in the acutely spinalized anesthetized rat the activities of many dorsal horn interneurons (DHN) at the T(10) level are correlated positively with both ongoing and stimulus-evoked renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and therefore may belong to networks generating RSNA after acute, cervical, spinal transection. In the(More)
In mammals with an intact neuraxis, most sympathetic nerve activity is generated by brain stem systems. Therefore these systems have attracted much more attention than spinal systems that generate excitatory inputs to sympathetic preganglionic neurons. The purpose of this study was to determine whether, within hours of C1 spinal cord transection, spinal(More)
We used the retrograde transneuronal transport of a neurotropic virus, pseudorabies virus (PRV), to identify the neurons in sympathetic ganglia, spinal cord and brain which regulate renal function and renal circulation. PRV was microinjected into the left kidney of 70, pentobarbital-anesthetized, male rats. After an incubation period of 1-4 days, rats were(More)
Integrated sympathetic activity was recorded on anterior or posterior divisions of the greater splanchnic nerve (GSN) in anesthetized, acutely spinalized, artificially respired Wistar rats before and after ganglionic blockade by hexamethonium. Focal electrical stimulation of spinal sympathoexcitatory pathways elicited large increases in splanchnic(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether spinal interneurons play a role in the regulation of sympathetic activity in spinally intact rats. In acutely spinally transected rats, we have described a population of spinal interneurons that, by virtue of correlations between their ongoing firing rates and the magnitude of ongoing renal(More)
Axons fail to regenerate in the injured spinal cord, limiting motor and autonomic recovery and contributing to long-term morbidity. Endogenous inhibitors, including those on residual myelin, contribute to regeneration failure. One inhibitor, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), binds to sialoglycans and other receptors on axons. MAG inhibition of axon(More)
We precisely localized and morphologically characterized sympathetically correlated neurons in the acutely transected spinal cord of the rat. We have shown that these neurons are likely members of the spinal networks that generate sympathetic activity after spinal cord transection. In humans with injured spinal cords, these networks are responsible for(More)
This study was designed to describe renal afferent information with respect to its intraspinal projections, convergence with cutaneous inputs, ascending projections, and modulation by descending fiber tracts. Extracellular recordings were made from neurons in the spinal gray while electrically stimulating the renal nerves in chloralose-anesthetized,(More)
The adult CNS is an inhibitory environment for axon outgrowth, severely limiting recovery from traumatic injury. This limitation is due, in part, to endogenous axon regeneration inhibitors (ARIs) that accumulate at CNS injury sites. ARIs include myelin-associated glycoprotein, Nogo, oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein, and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans(More)