Lawrence McDermott

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Previous studies reveal a dose-dependent increase in locomotor activity of the C57B1/6J mouse after administration of morphine or amphetamine. Concurrent partial lesions of both the dorsomedial caudate and lateral septal nuclei resulted in a significant decrease in morphine-induced, but not amphetamine-induced, hyperactivity. Concurrent partial lesions of(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) increases human eosinophil intracellular Ca(2+) concentration; the mechanism of action is not fully known. ATP, a physiologic regulator, acts through 2 purinergic receptor types: cation channels (P2X) and G protein-coupled receptors (P2Y). OBJECTIVE This study is aimed at identifying the functional(More)
Pulmonary complications are common in patients with primary immune deficiency (PID). The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of lung function tests (LFTs) in the management of these patients, and in particular to see if carbon monoxide transfer factor (TLCO) is needed in addition to spirometry. We studied 20 patients (11 female) with PID in a(More)
The effects of intrahippocampal or intrahypothalamic injections of anticholinergic compounds on operant responding were observed in a multiple schedule paradigm consisting of reinforced, punished, and nonreinforced components and on a punished ingestive passive avoidance task. The pattern of results suggests that cholinergic components of the hippocampus(More)
RATIONALE An efficacious medical therapy for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) remains elusive. OBJECTIVES To explore the efficacy and safety of etanercept in the treatment of IPF. METHODS This was a randomized, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter exploratory trial in subjects with clinically progressive IPF. Primary endpoints(More)
Knife cuts were made that preferentially interrupted (a) the nigrostriatal pathway; (b) pallidofugal projections to the lower brainstem; (c) caudate-pallidal interconnections; and (d) fibers entering or leaving the striatum ventrally. The effects of these cuts on conditioned (shuttle box) avoidance, passive avoidance, swimming escape, sucrose-rewarded alley(More)
Knife cuts ventral or medial to the striatum were used to interrupt some of the principal connections of this structure. All of the cuts depleted striatal dopamine and produced aphagia and adipsia but there was no indication that the two classes of effects were always correlated. Cuts medial to the striatum produced the most severe DA depletions, persistent(More)
Parasagittal knife cuts along the lateral border of the diencephalon (PS), coronal cuts across the lateral (LMFB) or medial (MMFB) components of the medial forebrain bundle reproduce most of the persisting deficits in responding to glucoprivic and hydrational challenges that characterize rats with lateral hypothalamic lesions or intracranial injections of(More)
The feeding response to 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG) was measured in gonadally intact females (NORM) during estrus (EST) or diestrus (DIES) and in ovariectomized (OVEX) rats following injections of estradiol benzoate and progesterone (HORM) or oil (OIL). In both groups the response to 2DG under conditions of EST or HORM was significantly suppressed relative to(More)
Early inhaled corticosteroid treatment improves symptom control and pulmonary function in children with asthma; however, long-term safety data are limited in infants and young children. This study assessed the long-term safety of budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) in young children with persistent asthma. To continue to provide BIS to children who(More)