Lawrence M. Sayre

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There is increasing awareness of the ubiquitous role of oxidative stress in neurodegenerative disease states. A continuing challenge is to be able to distinguish between oxidative changes that occur early in the disease from those that are secondary manifestations of neuronal degeneration. This perspective highlights the role of oxidative stress in(More)
META is a new knowledge-based expert system that provides computer simulation of the biotransformation of chemicals. The program is based on the recognition of key functional groups within the complete chemical structure and therefore can predict the metabolites of new xenobiotics. Here, we describe a comprehensive knowledge base built for the purposes of(More)
We have previously reported that amyloid Abeta, the major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), binds Cu with high affinity via histidine and tyrosine residues [Atwood, C. S., et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 12817-12826; Atwood, C. S., et al. (2000) J. Neurochem. 75, 1219-1233] and produces H(2)O(2) by catalyzing the reduction of Cu(II)(More)
In less than a decade, beginning with the demonstration by Floyd, Stadtman, Markesbery et al. of increased reactive carbonyls in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), oxidative damage has been established as a feature of the disease. Here, we review the types of oxidative damage seen in AD, sites involved, possible origin, relationship to(More)
Several recent studies support a link between tau protein phosphorylation and adduction of tau by reactive carbonyls. Indeed, the phosphorylation-dependent adduction of tau by carbonyl products resulting from lipid peroxidation creates the neurofibrillary tangle-related antigen, Alz50. To determine whether epitopes of carbonyl-modified tau are major(More)
This review highlights the role of oxidative stress and imbalances in metal ion homeostasis in the neurodegenerative diseases Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease and in the progressive demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis. The chemistry and biochemistry of oxidative stress-induced protein damage are first described, followed by the evidence for(More)
4-Hydroxyacids are products of ubiquitously occurring lipid peroxidation (C(9), C(6)) or drugs of abuse (C(4), C(5)). We investigated the catabolism of these compounds using a combination of metabolomics and mass isotopomer analysis. Livers were perfused with various concentrations of unlabeled and labeled saturated 4-hydroxyacids (C(4) to C(11)) or(More)
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