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Recent studies have demonstrated oxidative damage is one of the salient features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In these studies, glycoxidation adduction to and direct oxidation of amino acid side chains have been demonstrated in the lesions and neurons of AD. To address whether lipid damage may also play an important pathogenic role, we raised rabbit(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative damage to proteins and other macromolecules is a salient feature of the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Establishing the source of oxidants is key to understanding what role they play in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, and one way to examine this issue is to determine which oxidants are involved in(More)
The pathological presentation of Alzheimer's disease, the leading cause of senile dementia, involves regionalized neuronal death and an accumulation of intracellular and extracellular filamentous protein aggregates that form lesions termed neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques, respectively. Several independent parameters have been suggested as the(More)
We present the first evidence for carbonyl-related posttranslational modifications of neurofilaments in the neurofibrillary pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Two distinct monoclonal antibodies that consistently labeled neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), neuropil threads, and granulovacuolar degeneration in sections of AD tissue also labeled the(More)
There is a great deal of evidence to support a pathogenic role of oxidative stress in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the sources of reactive oxygen species have not been directly demonstrated. In this study, using a novel in situ detection system, we show that neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques are major sites for catalytic redox reactivity.(More)
This review highlights the role of oxidative stress and imbalances in metal ion homeostasis in the neurodegenerative diseases Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease and in the progressive demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis. The chemistry and biochemistry of oxidative stress-induced protein damage are first described, followed by the evidence for(More)
Although the voltage-sensitive Ca channel present in Paramecium has been subjected to detailed physiological and genetic analysis, no organic ligands have been described that block this channel with high affinity and that ultimately can be used to identify channel components. Based on a previous observation that the naphthalene sulfonamide calmodulin(More)
The molecular mechanism(s) whereby beta, beta'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) induces an excitatory behavioral syndrome and a distinct alteration of the axonal cytoskeleton in experimental animals is not known. We demonstrate here that upon intraperitoneal administration to rats, the N-hydroxy analog of IDPN (HOIDPN) induces a parallel spectrum of both(More)
It has previously been shown that 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) and its 3,4-dimethyl derivative (3,4-DMHD) induce neurofilamentous accumulations at prenodal sites in distal and proximal, respectively, regions of peripheral axons. For 2,5-HD, neurofilament (NF) transport is accelerated and this is thought to be directly related to the appearance of the axonal(More)
In this study, we compared the neuronal induction of the antioxidant heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in Alzheimer's disease with abnormalities in tau marked by antibodies recognizing either phosphorylation (AT8) or conformational change (Alz50). The epitope recognized by Alz50 shows a complete overlap with HO-1-containing neurons, but AT8 recognized these neurons(More)