Learn More
Exercise training induces mitochondrial biogenesis, but the time course of molecular sequelae that accompany repetitive training stimuli remains to be determined in human skeletal muscle. Therefore, throughout a seven-session, high-intensity interval training period that increased (12%), we examined the time course of responses of (a) mitochondrial(More)
Fat and carbohydrate are important fuels for aerobic exercise and there can be reciprocal shifts in the proportions of carbohydrate and fat that are oxidized. The interaction between carbohydrate and fatty acid oxidation is dependent on the intracellular and extracellular metabolic environments. The availability of substrate, both from inside and outside of(More)
Fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36) is a transport protein with a high affinity for long-chain fatty acids (LCFA). It was recently identified on rat skeletal muscle mitochondrial membranes and found to be required for palmitate uptake and oxidation. Our aim was to identify the presence and elucidate the role of FAT/CD36 on human skeletal muscle mitochondrial(More)
To characterize human skeletal muscle enzymatic adaptation to a low-carbohydrate, high-fat, and high-protein diet (LCD), subjects consumed a eucaloric diet consisting of 5% of the total energy intake from carbohydrate, 63% from fat, and 33% from protein for 6 days compared with their normal diet (52% carbohydrate, 33% fat, and 14% protein). Biopsies were(More)
Fasting forces adaptive changes in whole body and skeletal muscle metabolism that increase fat oxidation and decrease the oxidation of carbohydrate. We tested the hypothesis that 40 h of fasting would decrease pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity and increase PDH kinase (PDK) isoform mRNA expression in human skeletal muscle. The putative transcriptional(More)
A reduction in fatty acid oxidation has been associated with lipid accumulation and insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle of obese individuals. We examined whether this decrease in fatty acid oxidation was attributable to a reduction in muscle mitochondrial content and/or a dysfunction in fatty acid oxidation within mitochondria obtained from skeletal(More)
Rat fast-twitch muscles were tetanically stimulated in situ with an occluded circulation to examine ATP utilization and provision during isometric tension production. Plantaris (PL) and gastrocnemius (G) muscles were stimulated for 60 s in four conditions: A) 1.0-Hz train rate, 200-ms train duration at 80 Hz, B) 1.0 Hz (100 ms, 80 Hz), C) 0.5 Hz (100 ms, 80(More)
Intramyocellular triacylglycerol (IMTG) has been suggested to represent an important substrate source during exercise. In the present study, IMTG utilization during exercise is assessed through the use of various methodologies. In addition, we identified differences in the use of intramyocellular lipids deposited in the immediate subsarcolemmal (SS) area(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare changes in ions and metabolites in four different rat hindlimb muscles in response to intense swimming exercise in vivo (263 +/- 33 s) (SWUM), and to 5 min (300 s) of tetanic electrical stimulation of artificially perfused rat hindlimbs (STIM). With both swimming and electrical stimulation, soleus (SOL) contents of(More)