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Creatine (Cr) supplementation has become a common practice among professional, elite, collegiate, amateur, and recreational athletes with the expectation of enhancing exercise performance. Research indicates that Cr supplementation can increase muscle phosphocreatine (PCr) content, but not in all individuals. A high dose of 20 g x d(-1) that is common to(More)
Studies have shown increased incorporation of omega-3 fatty acids into whole skeletal muscle following supplementation, although little has been done to investigate the potential impact on the fatty acid composition of mitochondrial membranes and the functional consequences on mitochondrial bioenergetics. Therefore, we supplemented young healthy male(More)
Exercise training induces mitochondrial biogenesis, but the time course of molecular sequelae that accompany repetitive training stimuli remains to be determined in human skeletal muscle. Therefore, throughout a seven-session, high-intensity interval training period that increased (12%), we examined the time course of responses of (a) mitochondrial(More)
To provide a description of the metabolic changes in muscle during maximal dynamic exercise, muscle biopsies were obtained in five healthy subjects before and after 30 s of isokinetic exercise at two pedaling frequencies (60 and 140 rpm) associated with contrasting fatigue characteristics. Higher peak power was attained at 140 rpm (1,473 + 185 W) (mean +/-(More)
This study examined the exercise responses of well-trained endurance athletes to various doses of caffeine to evaluate the impact of the drug on exercise metabolism and endurance capacity. Subjects (n = 8) withdrew from all dietary sources of caffeine for 48 h before each of four tests. One hour before exercise they ingested capsules of placebo or caffeine(More)
We examined the effects of a high-caffeine dose on endurance performance and muscle acetyl group metabolism during prolonged exercise. Eight subjects cycled to exhaustion at approximately 80% maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) 1 h after ingestion of 9 mg/kg body wt dextrose (Pl) or caffeine (Caf). In the Pl trial, muscle biopsies were taken at rest (1 h(More)
Previous research in many sports suggests that losing ~1%-2% body mass through sweating impairs athletic performance. Elite-level hockey involves high-intensity bursts of skating, arena temperatures are >10 degrees C, and players wear protective equipment, all of which promote sweating. This study examined the pre-practice hydration, on-ice fluid intake,(More)
High-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) is a compromise between time-consuming moderate-intensity training and sprint-interval training requiring all-out efforts. However, there are few data regarding the ability of HIIT to increase the capacities of fat and carbohydrate oxidation in skeletal muscle. Using untrained recreationally active(More)
The relationships between muscle glycogenolysis, glycolysis, and H+ concentration were examined in eight subjects performing three 30-s bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling at 100 rpm. Bouts were separated by 4 min of rest, and muscle biopsies were obtained before and after bouts 2 and 3. Total work decreased from 20.5 +/- 0.7 kJ in bout 1 to 16.1 +/- 0.7(More)
The aerobic work capacity of 11 highly trained runners was studied employing a double-blind design 1) before phlebotomy (C1), 2) following restoration of normocythemia (C2), 3) after a sham reinfusion of 50 ml of saline (sham), 4) following autologous reinfusion of approximately 900 ml of freeze-preserved blood (reinfusion), and 5) upon reestablishment of(More)