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Loss of integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) resulting from ischemia and reperfusion is a hypothesized precursor to hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and worse clinical outcome than would be expected from the beneficial effects of reperfusion. We used a novel magnetic resonance imaging marker to characterize early BBB disruption in acute focal brain(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly appreciated to be highly prevalent and deleterious to neurological function. At present, no effective treatment options are available, and little is known about the complex cellular response to TBI during its acute phase. To gain insights into TBI pathogenesis, we developed a novel murine closed-skull brain(More)
BACKGROUND Although the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of acute stroke is increasing, this method has not proved more effective than computed tomography (CT) in the emergency setting. We aimed to prospectively compare CT and MRI for emergency diagnosis of acute stroke. METHODS We did a single-centre, prospective, blind(More)
A method is demonstrated for the noninvasive detection and study of spreading cortical depression. Spreading depression (SD) was elicited in rats by topical application of potassium chloride to the exposed cortex. The apparent diffusion coefficient (Dapp) of water in a region of the cortex, measured using a PFG-NMR spin echo sequence with an observation(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the effects of temporary severe hypoglycemia on the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) acquired by diffusion-weighted MRI of brain water with the use of serial multislice ADC mapping in rats. Severe hypoglycemia reduces the extracellular space volume, as does ischemia. Demonstrating a reduction(More)
The reduction of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water shortly after a focal ischemic insult is thought to reflect intracellular water accumulation (cytotoxic edema) related to high-energy metabolism failure and loss of ion homeostasis. We attempted to clarify whether varying ranges of ADC measurements in ischemic brain tissue can be used to(More)
The measurement of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water in brains of stroke patients is used in models developed to help distinguish reversible from irreversible ischemic injury. The ADC by conventional methods may be overestimated by the presence of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in sulci and perivascular spaces. In this study the hypothesis that(More)
To identify the temperature dependent change of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water in brain tissue, the ADC values of normal rat brain were measured over a range of body temperatures with monitoring of head temperature using a small water reference implanted under the temporalis muscle. An initial experiment using thermocouples implanted into(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Analogous to the CT hyperattenuated vessel sign (HMCAS), MR imaging may show hypo- or hyperintense vessels in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. We assessed the diagnostic and prognostic strength of early MR imaging vessel signs in AIS patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) within 3 hours of the onset of symptoms. (More)
The purpose of our study was to identify the perfusion MRI (pMRI) algorithm which yields a volume of hypoperfused tissue that best correlates with the acute clinical deficit as quantified by the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and therefore reflects critically hypoperfused tissue. A group of 20 patients with a first acute stroke and stroke MRI within 24 h of(More)