Lawrence L. Latour

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BACKGROUND Although the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of acute stroke is increasing, this method has not proved more effective than computed tomography (CT) in the emergency setting. We aimed to prospectively compare CT and MRI for emergency diagnosis of acute stroke. METHODS We did a single-centre, prospective, blind(More)
Loss of integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) resulting from ischemia and reperfusion is a hypothesized precursor to hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and worse clinical outcome than would be expected from the beneficial effects of reperfusion. We used a novel magnetic resonance imaging marker to characterize early BBB disruption in acute focal brain(More)
The measurement of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water in brains of stroke patients is used in models developed to help distinguish reversible from irreversible ischemic injury. The ADC by conventional methods may be overestimated by the presence of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in sulci and perivascular spaces. In this study the hypothesis that(More)
Packed erythrocytes are ideally suited as a model system for the study of water diffusion in biological tissue, because cell size, membrane permeability, and extracellular volume fraction can be varied independently. We used a pulsed-field-gradient spin echo NMR technique to measure the time-dependent diffusion coefficient D(t) in packed erythrocytes. The(More)
Loss of integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) resulting from ischemia/reperfusion is believed to be a precursor to hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and poor outcome. We used a novel magnetic resonance imaging marker to characterize early BBB disruption in human focal brain ischemia and tested for associations with reperfusion, HT, and poor outcome(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Analogous to the CT hyperattenuated vessel sign (HMCAS), MR imaging may show hypo- or hyperintense vessels in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. We assessed the diagnostic and prognostic strength of early MR imaging vessel signs in AIS patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) within 3 hours of the onset of symptoms. (More)
For bolus-tracking studies, it is commonly assumed that CR concentration bears a linear relationship with the measured (usually longitudinal) (1)H(2)O relaxation rate constant, R*(1) identical with(T(1) *)(-1). This requires that equilibrium transcytolemmal water exchange be in the fast exchange limit (FXL). However, though systems remain in fast exchange,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) may play a role in blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption after ischemic stroke. We hypothesized that plasma concentrations of MMP-9 are associated with a marker of BBB disruption in patients evaluated for acute stroke. METHODS Patients underwent MRI on presentation and approximately 24 hours later. The(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly appreciated to be highly prevalent and deleterious to neurological function. At present, no effective treatment options are available, and little is known about the complex cellular response to TBI during its acute phase. To gain insights into TBI pathogenesis, we developed a novel murine closed-skull brain(More)
CONTEXT Noncontrast computed tomography (CT) is the standard brain imaging study for the initial evaluation of patients with acute stroke symptoms. Multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been proposed as an alternative to CT in the emergency stroke setting. However, the accuracy of MRI relative to CT for the detection of hyperacute intracerebral(More)