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A single transcript in its unspliced and spliced forms directs the synthesis of all HIV-1 proteins. Although nuclear export of intron-containing cellular transcripts is restricted in mammalian cells, HIV-1 has evolved the viral Rev protein to overcome this restriction for viral transcripts. Previously, CRM1 was identified as a cellular cofactor for(More)
The dense-bodies in the body wall muscle of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans function to anchor the actin thin filaments to the adjacent sarcolemma. One of the major components of the dense-bodies is the actin-binding protein alpha-actinin. To facilitate a genetic analysis of alpha-actinin, we have cloned a cDNA encoding the nematode protein, identified(More)
RNA helicase A (RHA) has been shown to promote HIV-1 replication at both the translation and reverse transcription stages. A prerequisite step for reverse transcription involves the annealing of tRNA(3)(Lys), the primer for reverse transcription, to HIV-1 RNA. tRNA(3)(Lys) annealing is a multistep process that is initially facilitated by Gag prior to viral(More)
RNA helicase A (RHA) belongs to the DEAH family of proteins that are capable of unwinding double-stranded RNA structure. In addition to its involvement in the metabolism of cellular RNA, RHA has been shown to stimulate RNA transcription from the long terminal repeat promoter of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) as well as to enhance Rev/Rev(More)
We have identified the tRNAs which are incorporated into both wild-type human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strain IIIB (HIV-1IIIB) produced in COS-7 cells transfected with HIV-1 proviral DNA and mutant, noninfectious HIV-1Lai particles produced in a genetically engineered Vero cell line. The mutant proviral DNA contains nucleotides 678 to 8944; i.e., both(More)
COS-7 cells transfected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA produce virus in which three tRNA species are most abundant in the viral tRNA population. These tRNAs have been identified through RNA sequencing techniques as tRNA(3Lys) the primer tRNA in HIV-1, and members of the tRNA(1,2Lys) isoacceptor family. These RNAs represent 60%(More)