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The rapid spread of West Nile viral activity across North America since its discovery in 1999 illustrates the potential for an exotic arbovirus to be introduced and widely established across North America. Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) has been responsible for large outbreaks in Africa that have resulted in hundreds of thousands of human infections and(More)
Based on similarity of male genitalia, the malaria vector Anopheles trinkae Faran from the eastern Andean piedmont of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia was determined by Peyton (1993) to be a junior synonym of An. dunhami Causey, then known from a single locality in Amazonian Brazil. Following an appraisal of molecular, chromosomal, and morphological(More)
outbreak of extended-spectrum beta-lacta-mase (ESBL)–producing Shigella sonnei at a day care nursery in Sakai City, 2006.tre study of Shigella diarrhoea in six Asian countries: disease burden, clinical manifestations, and microbiology.ing picture of shigellosis in southern Vietnam: shifting species dominance, an-timicrobial susceptibility and clinical(More)
Ammonia and carbon dioxide were evaluated as attractants in canopy traps for Hybomitra lasiophthalma (Macquart). Ammonia-baited traps collected 2.5 times as many flies as did unbaited traps (33.27 versus 12.93 per trap per day). Over 45 times as many flies were captured in carbon dioxide-baited traps as in unbaited traps (1,630.64 versus 35.82 per trap per(More)
A design for a canopy trap for collecting horse flies is described. The collecting heads can easily be changed since the collar is fixed in place and supports the trap. The collar allows an unobstructed pathway to the collecting head. The center pole has a sliding steel rod that allows adjustment of canopy height upon installation in one operation.
A case of human myiasis caused by the black blowfly, P. regina, has been presented. Although various reports have documented the therapeutic effects of maggot infestation, infection and mortality by gas-forming anaerobic organisms also have been reported. The removal of maggots from a wound can be accomplished using various methods. The authors successfully(More)
The attraction of females of six species of tabanids to stanchioned Jersey bullocks, unbaited canopy traps, and canopy traps baited with either octenol (1-octen-3-ol), ammonia (NH4OH), a combination of ammonia and octenol, or 5 kg of dry ice (CO2) was studied. A randomized Latin square design (treatments x sites x days) was used. Species diversity and(More)
A survey of container-breeding mosquitoes was conducted on urban islands (Big Coppitt Key, Rockland Key, Key West, and Stock Island) and rural islands (Big Pine Key, Cudjoe Key, Little Torch Key, No Name Key, Ramrod Key, Saddlebunch Keys, Sugarloaf Key, and Summerland Key) within the Florida Keys. Five mosquito species were collected: Aedes aegypti, Culex(More)
More than 30,000 mosquitoes in 22 species or species groups were collected from the Florida Keys, Monroe County, FL, USA, in dry ice-baited light and gravid traps. Dry ice-baited traps collected more mosquitoes than did gravid traps. West Nile virus was detected in pools of Anopheles atropos Dyar & Knab, Deinocerites cancer Theobald, and Ochlerotatus(More)
The attraction of female tabanids to Malaise traps and canopy traps baited with aged horse urine, 1-octen-3-ol, or a combination of aged horse urine and acetone was studied in the Kopacki rit Nature Park in Eastern Croatia. Malaise traps captured very few tabanids relative to canopy traps. The number of females of Tabanus tergestinus and(More)