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The major aim of this study was to elucidate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the development of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindling as an animal model of primary generalized epilepsy. The daily administration of PTZ is associated with an increase in the amount of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). NO generation was measured directly by in vivo and ex(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in epileptogenesis was studied in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-treated animals using in vivo and ex vivo EPR spectroscopy. NO generation was measured directly in the brain of a PTZ-induced mouse in vivo by an L-band EPR spectrometer. An elevation in NO production in the brain was observed during convulsions, and more NO was(More)
Experiments using purified recombinant human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) revealed that the auto-oxidation of fully reduced protein resulted in a 1:1 stoichiometry of oxygen consumption to NADH oxidation with the production of hydrogen peroxide. The rate of auto-oxidation of fully reduced NQO1 was markedly accelerated in the presence of(More)
This paper reports the first in vivo NMR image of the distribution of NO using the "MRI spin-trapping" technique. NO was complexed with the Fe(II)-chelate spin trap, N-methyl-D-glucamine dithiocarbamate (MGD), verified as (MGD)(2)-Fe(II)-NO by EPR, and the radical distribution was "visualized" by MR images. In rats, the (MGD)(2)-Fe(II)-NO complex was(More)
Skeletal muscles are exposed to increased temperatures during intense exercise, particularly in high environmental temperatures. We hypothesized that heat may directly stimulate the reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in diaphragm (one kind of skeletal muscle) and thus potentially play a role in contractile and metabolic activity. Laser scan confocal(More)
The techniques of electron spin resonance (ESR) and fluorescence spectroscopy have been used to study the interaction of a spin-labeled analogue of adenine, N6-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-oxypiperidin-4-yl)adenine (I), with several plant lectins. While most adenine derivatives enhanced lectin-induced fluorescence of 1,8-anilinonaphthalenesulfonic acid by binding(More)
A distinct zinc binding site has been found in several alpha-lactalbumin species: bovine, human, guinea pig, and rabbit. Binding of Zn(II) or Al(III) to the calcium forms of these proteins causes exclusion of calcium and return of the protein to its "apo conformation" as determined by fluorescence emission spectral parameters. Zn(II) and Al(III)(More)
Labeling experiments with viable membrane preparations are optimally undertaken where conditions are extremely mild (minimal excess of modification reagent, very short reaction times) in order to reduce the possibilities of introducing artifacts (cell aging and death, denaturation, etc.). Furthermore, specificity of labeling is a critical requirement where(More)