Lawrence I. Sinoway

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS), produced acutely during skeletal muscle contraction, are known to stimulate group IV muscle afferents and accentuate the exercise pressor reflex (EPR) in rodents. The effect of ROS on the EPR in humans is unknown. We conducted a series of studies using ischemic fatiguing rhythmic handgrip to acutely increase ROS within(More)
Obstructive apnea and voluntary breath holding are associated with transient increases in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and arterial pressure. The contribution of changes in blood flow relative to the contribution of changes in vascular resistance to the apnea-induced transient rise in arterial pressure is unclear. We measured heart rate, mean(More)
Previous studies have suggested that activation of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in skeletal muscle play a role in mediating the exercise pressor reflex (Li J and Sinoway LI. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 283: H2636-H2643, 2002). To determine the role ATP plays in this reflex, it is necessary to examine whether muscle interstitial ATP (ATPi) concentrations(More)
Supplementary oxygen is commonly administered in current medical practice. Recently it has been suggested that hyperoxia causes acute oxidative stress and produces prompt and substantial changes in coronary resistance in patients with ischemic heart disease. In this report, we examined whether the effects of hyperoxia on coronary blood velocity (CBV) would(More)
Reflex cardiovascular responses to muscle contraction are mediated by mechanical and metabolic stimulation of thin muscle afferent fibers. Metabolic stimulants and receptors involved in responses are uncertain. Capsaicin depolarizes thin sensory afferent nerves that have vanilloid type 1 receptors (VR1). Among potential endogenous ligands of thin fibers, H+(More)
1. In barbiturate-anesthetized cats we examined the interaction of lactic acid and static contraction on the discharge of group III muscle afferents. Only afferents whose receptive fields were located in the triceps surae muscles were studied. 2. Twelve of 20 afferents were stimulated by a 60-s static contraction. The majority of firing occurred within the(More)
We examined whether ATP stimulation of P2X purinoceptors would raise blood pressure in decerebrate cats. Femoral arterial injection of the P2X receptor agonist alpha,beta-methylene ATP into the blood supply of the triceps surae muscle induced a dose-dependent increase in arterial blood pressure. The maximal increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) evoked by(More)
BACKGROUND Blood flow limitation to exercising muscles engages the muscle reflex during exercise, evoking an increase in heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). METHODS AND RESULTS In the current study, we examined forearm flow and autonomic responses to ischemic handgrip in young and older subjects. We studied(More)
Reflex cardiovascular responses to contracting skeletal muscle are mediated by mechanical and metabolic stimulation of thin-fiber muscle afferents. Diprotonated phosphate (H2PO4-) excites those thin-fiber nerves and evokes the muscle pressor reflex. The receptors mediating this response are unknown. Thus we examined the role played by purinergic receptors,(More)
Activation of purinergic P2X receptors and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) on muscle afferent nerve evokes the pressor response. Because P2X and TRPV1 receptors are sensitive to changes in pH, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of muscle acidification on those receptor-mediated cardiovascular responses. In decerebrate(More)