Lawrence I. Sinoway

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Obstructive apnea and voluntary breath holding are associated with transient increases in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and arterial pressure. The contribution of changes in blood flow relative to the contribution of changes in vascular resistance to the apnea-induced transient rise in arterial pressure is unclear. We measured heart rate, mean(More)
Previous studies have suggested that activation of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in skeletal muscle play a role in mediating the exercise pressor reflex (Li J and Sinoway LI. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 283: H2636-H2643, 2002). To determine the role ATP plays in this reflex, it is necessary to examine whether muscle interstitial ATP (ATPi) concentrations(More)
In an effort to evaluate potential peripheral adaptations to training, maximal metabolic vasodilation was studied in the dominant and nondominant forearms of six tennis players and six control subjects. Maximal metabolic vasodilation was defined as the peak forearm blood flow measured after release of arterial occlusion, the reactive hyperemic blood flow(More)
The purpose of the present study was to use the microdialysis technique to simultaneously measure the interstitial concentrations of several putative stimulators of the exercise pressor reflex during 5 min of intermittent static quadriceps exercise in humans (n = 7). Exercise resulted in approximately a threefold (P < 0.05) increase in muscle sympathetic(More)
During dynamic exercise, blood flow to exercising muscle is closely matched to metabolic demands. This is made possible by metabolic vasodilation, vasoconstriction in inactive vascular beds, and a rise in cardiac output. The sympathetic nervous system plays an important role in regulating this exercise response. In this study, we used steady-state infusions(More)
Acute hypoxemia leads to activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), yet adrenergic vasoconstriction does not occur and venous plasma norepinephrine (NE) fails to rise as expected. To examine whether this dissociation between SNS tone and plasma NE is due to altered metabolism of NE, we measured arterial NE kinetics ([3H]NE infusion technique) and(More)
We previously demonstrated that nonfatiguing rhythmic forearm exercise at 25% maximal voluntary contraction (12 2-s contractions/min) evokes sympathoexcitation without significant engagement of metabolite-sensitive muscle afferents (B.A. Batman, J.C. Hardy, U.A. Leuenberger, M.B. Smith, Q.X. Yang and L.I. Sinoway. J. Appl. Physiol. 76: 1077-1081, 1994).(More)
To examine whether forearm vascular adaptations could occur after upright-leg exercise training, the reactive hyperemic blood flow after 10 min of forearm circulatory arrest (RHBF10) was studied. RHBF10 was examined in seven subjects before, at 2 wk, and after the completion of 4 wk of bicycle ergometer training. Maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) for leg(More)
It is suggested that mechanoreceptors in muscle play an important role in the exercise pressor reflex. However, it has not been verified whether isolated stimulation of the mechanoreceptors can induce responses in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in young healthy individuals. We tested the hypothesis that passive stretch of muscle can evoke an(More)
We tested the hypothesis that differences in sympathetic reflex responses to head-up tilt (HUT) between males (n = 9) and females (n = 8) were associated with decrements in postural vasomotor responses in women. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA; microneurography), heart rate, stroke volume (SV; Doppler), and blood pressure (Finapres) were measured(More)