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Only one third of patients with juvenile-onset insulin-dependent diabetes seem to be susceptible to diabetic nephropathy. To test whether this susceptibility is related to a predisposition to hypertension, we investigated the association of nephropathy with markers of risk for hypertension. We randomly selected 89 patients with insulin-dependent diabetes(More)
The development of proliferative diabetic retinopathy was studied in three cohorts consisting of 292 patients with recent juvenile-onset, type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes who were followed 20-40 yr beginning in 1939, 1949, and 1959. The risk of this severe eye complication was almost nonexistent during the first 10 yr of diabetes, rose abruptly to its(More)
The pathologies of diabetic micro- and macroangiopathy are different, suggesting that diabetes affects these two types of vascular tissue in a dissimilar manner. We have compared insulin receptors and the effects of insulin on cultured endothelium from calf retinal capillaries and aorta, and the vascular supporting cells, retinal pericytes, and aortic(More)
Natural history data from the Diabetic Retinopathy Study were examined by multivariate methods to determine which baseline characteristics could predict the occurrence of severe visual loss (SVL) in eyes originally assigned to no treatment. The presence and extent of new blood vessels on the optic disc (NVD) had the strongest association with SVL. Several(More)
The risk of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) and its determinants were investigated in a cohort of 292 patients with juvenile-onset, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) who were followed for 20 to 40 years. Although patients with juvenile-onset IDDM had an extremely high risk of premature CAD, the earliest deaths due to CAD did not occur until(More)
Risk factors for the development of severe forms of diabetic retinopathy were examined prospectively in a group of 153 patients with long-standing insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. During a 4-yr follow-up study, 34 individuals progressed to preproliferative and proliferative retinopathy. The risk of progression to severe forms of diabetic retinopathy was(More)
Limited joint mobility (LJM) of the hand was studied by visual examination in 361 diabetic outpatients aged 11 to 83 years, and 45 non-diabetic controls, without evidence of arthritis. LJM was evident in 58% of diabetic subjects and 4% of controls (p less than 0.001). LJM was noted in 131 (55%) of the 238 patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus(More)
To identify risk factors for the development of proliferative diabetic retinopathy, we compared 111 patients with longstanding insulin-dependent diabetes who had proliferative retinopathy (cases) with 81 patients with diabetes of similar duration (an average of 26 years) who did not have proliferative diabetic retinopathy (controls). The cases had diabetes(More)
Retinal arterial vasoconstriction induced by an infusion of angiotensin II or norepinephrine was investigated in eight normal controls (N), nine diabetics without retinopathy (DNR), and 10 diabetics with retinopathy (DR) by color fundus photographs taken before and after the infusions. Image analysis was done by a semiautomated computerized(More)