Lawrence I Kruse

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A series of side chain modified analogues of cholesterol and lanosterol (1-10) have been synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of the Candida albicans delta 24-sterol methyltransferase. Two sterol substrate analogues 1 and 2 which contained a 24-thia substituent were relatively modest inhibitors of the enzyme (Ki = 1.5-72 microM). Compounds which mimic(More)
Manoalide, a novel nonsteroidal sesterterpenoid, is a potent inhibitor of phospholipase A2 isolated from bee and cobra venoms. This report compares the inhibition by manoalide of phospholipase A2 in crude cytosol fractions from four mammalian tissues with that of four purified extracellular phospholipase A2's. Phospholipase A2 isolated from bee venom (Apis(More)
Structure-activity relationships (SAR) were determined for novel multisubstrate inhibitors of dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH; EC 1.14.17.1) by examining the effects upon in vitro inhibitory potencies resulting from structural changes at the copper-binding region of inhibitor. Attempts were made to determine replacement groups for the thione sulfur atom of(More)
The synthesis and kinetics characterization of a new class of dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH; EC 1.14.17.1) inhibitor, 1-(4-hydroxybenzyl)imidazole-2-thiol, is reported. These inhibitors, which incorporate a phenethylamine substrate mimic and an oxygen mimic into a single molecule, exhibit both the kinetic properties and the potency (Kis approximately(More)
In an attempt to identify a soluble oncodazole analogue that could be easily formulated, a series of substituted oncodazoles was synthesized and evaluated for tubulin binding affinity, in vitro cytotoxicity against cultured mouse B-16 cells, and ability to prolong lifespan at the maximally tolerated dose in the P388 mouse leukemia model. Biological(More)
A comparison of human dopamine beta-hydroxylase (EC 1.14.17.1) with bovine peptide C-terminal alpha-amidating enzyme (EC 1.14.17.3), revealed a 28% identity extending throughout a common catalytic domain of approximately 270 residues. The shared biochemical properties of these two enzymes from neurosecretory granules suggests that the sequence similarity(More)
Recently, p-cresol has been shown to be a mechanism-based inhibitor of dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH; EC 1.14.17.1) [Goodhart, P. J., DeWolf, W. E., Jr., & Kruse, L. I. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 2576-2583]. This inactivation was suggested to result from alkylation of an active site residue by an aberrant 4-hydroxybenzyl radical intermediate. In support of(More)
A cDNA clone encoding bovine dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) has been isolated from bovine adrenal glands. The clone hybridizes to two oligonucleotide probes, one based on a previously reported active site peptide [DeWolf, W. E., Jr., et al. (1988) Biochemistry 27, 9093-9101] and the other based on the human DBH sequence [Lamouroux, A., et al. (1987) EMBO(More)
The synthesis and characterization of some 1-(phenylalkyl)imidazole-2-thiones as a novel class of "multisubstrate" inhibitors of dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) are described. These inhibitors incorporate structural features that resemble both tyramine and oxygen substrates, and as evidenced by steady-state kinetics, they appear to bind both the(More)
ATP citrate lyase is an enzyme involved in mammalian lipogenesis and cholesterogenesis. Inhibitors of the enzyme represent a potentially novel class of hypolipidemic agents. Citric acid analogues 5-16 bearing electrophilic and latent electrophilic substituents were synthesized and evaluated as irreversible inhibitors of the enzyme. The design of these(More)