Lawrence I. Deckelbaum

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BACKGROUND Nesiritide is approved in the United States for early relief of dyspnea in patients with acute heart failure. Previous meta-analyses have raised questions regarding renal toxicity and the mortality associated with this agent. METHODS We randomly assigned 7141 patients who were hospitalized with acute heart failure to receive either nesiritide(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. With an aging population and an unmet clinical need by current pharmacologic and device-related therapeutic strategies, novel treatment options for HF are being explored. One such promising strategy is gene therapy to target underlying molecular anomalies in the(More)
To determine whether data available to physicians in the emergency room can accurately identify which patients with acute chest pain are having myocardial infarctions, we analyzed 482 patients at one hospital. Using recursive partitioning analysis, we constructed a decision protocol in the format of a simple flow chart to identify infarction on the basis of(More)
BACKGROUND Human or recombinant apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) has been shown to increase high-density lipoprotein-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity and to regress atherosclerotic disease in animal and clinical studies. CSL112 is an infusible, plasma-derived apoA-I that has been studied in normal subjects or those with stable coronary artery disease. This(More)
The effect of global ischemia of different degrees of severity and reperfusion was studied in the isolated working rat heart. Four degrees of ischemia were induced by reducing the control total coronary flow of 8 ml/min to 0, 0.04, 0.4, or 0.8 ml/min for 30 minutes, after which the coronary flow was returned to the control level. After severe ischemia (0(More)
Continuous-wave (CW) laser irradiation of cardiovascular tissues is characterized by 2 distinctive histologic findings: a superficial zone of coagulation necrosis and a subjacent zone of polymorphous lacunae. The present investigation was designed to determine whether such injury could be eliminated by altering the temporal profile of laser energy delivery.(More)
Laser-induced autofluorescence has been used to discriminate normal from adenomatous colonic mucosa. However, few studies to date have studied the origin of colonic autofluorescence. Using confocal microscopy (excitation wavelength 488 nm), we have shown that autofluorescence at this wavelength is present predominantly in the lamina propria of normal mucosa(More)
To evaluate the potential of laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy for the detection of premalignant lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, the hypothesis that adenomatous transformation of colonic mucosa results in an alteration of laser-induced fluorescence that enables its differentiation from normal or hyperplastic tissue was tested. A fiberoptic(More)
Excimer lasers are pulsed gas lasers that use a mixture of a rare gas and halogen as the active medium to generate pulses of short wavelength, high energy ultraviolet light. A krypton-fluoride gas mixture was used to achieve an excimer emission at a wavelength of 248 nm. A total of 30 atherosclerotic coronary artery segments were irradiated over a range of(More)
The regulation of protein metabolism in the human heart has not previously been studied. In 10 postabsorptive patients with coronary artery disease, heart protein synthesis and degradation were estimated simultaneously from the extraction of intravenously infused L-[ring-2,6-3H]phenylalanine (PHE) and the dilution of its specific activity across the heart(More)