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Mechanisms of hypnotic analgesia were investigated by examining changes in the R-III, a nociceptive spinal reflex, during hypnotic reduction of pain sensation and unpleasantness. The R-III was measured in 15 healthy volunteers who gave VAS-sensory and VAS-affective ratings of an electrical stimulus during conditions of resting wakefulness, suggestions for(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effects that the recent seasonal change in rugby league from winter to summer has had on the incidence of injury. METHODS All injuries that occurred during games and training were recorded throughout four consecutive seasons (three winter, one summer) for the first team squad of a British professional rugby league club. Data(More)
Sera from 30 patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) were tested to determine their effects at the neuromuscular junction. Spontaneous transmitter release was significantly increased, as evidenced by a 151% increase in MEPP frequency, by sera from 16 ALS patients. In addition, 16 patients' sera elevated EEP quantal content by an average(More)
The average annual incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from aneurysm rupture in Rochester, Minnesota, has remained remarkably constant at about 11 per 100,000 population. Age-specific incidence increased with age. Survival after SAH depended on: (1) clinical grade, (2) time after onset of SAH, and (3) presence of intracerebral hematoma. Among those(More)
BACKGROUND There is some evidence that patients with Parkinson's disease may impaired in prospective memory performance (planning and self initiated realisation of delayed intentions). Little is known about the effect of the disease on distinct phases of prospective memory and the potential mechanisms underlying these effects. OBJECTIVE To investigate(More)
Mitochondria are abnormal in persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) for unknown reasons. We explored whether aberration of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) could play a role in this by transferring mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from ALS subjects to mtDNA-depleted human neuroblastoma cells. Resulting ALS cytoplasmic hybrids (cybrids) exhibited abnormal(More)
Our knowledge of the specific root innervation of skeletal muscles is derived from accumulated clinical experience. While performing selective posterior rhizotomy for treatment of spasticity in children with cerebral palsy, we made direct electrophysiologic measurement of the root innervation of the lower extremity. We stimulated ventral roots from L2 to S2(More)
OBJECTIVE To survey the epidemiologic literature for evidence of an increasing prevalence of myasthenia gravis (MG) over time, and to explore the reasons for the increase. DATA SOURCES We found population-based reports of the epidemiology of MG by searching bibliographic databases. We used MG, epidemiology, prevalence, incidence, and mortality as search(More)
Optimal outcome in spine surgery is dependent of the coordination of efforts by the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and neurophysiologist. This is perhaps best illustrated by the rising use of intraoperative spinal cord monitoring for complex spine surgery. The challenges presented by neurophysiologic monitoring, in particular the use of somatosensory and motor(More)
Our objective was to determine the effect of creatine monohydrate on disease progression in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). One hundred and seven patients with the diagnosis of probable or definite ALS, of less than five years duration from symptom onset, were randomized to either treatment with daily creatine monohydrate (5 g/d) or(More)